Key Musical Terms

SATB
The four main choral voices (soprano, alto, tenor ,bass)
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Oritorio
A religious piece like an opera but sung not acted
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Imitation
One part copies another
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Plagal Cadence
A section which ends with chords 4 and 1 (subdominant to tonic)
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Basso Continuo
The cello and organ in Baroque time
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Hemiola
Giving the music a feel of having 2 beats rather than 3
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Sequence
A pattern moving up or down
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Ostinato
A continuously repreating pattern
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Homophoinc
a tune with an accompaniment
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Symphony
A piece for a an orchestra
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Rubato
Playing about with the speed of a piece, eithor slowing it down or speeding it up
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Cantable
Singing style
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Sustuento
Slow and sustained
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Syncopation
Putting emphasis on usually weak beats in the music
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Acciaccatura
A crushed note
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Smarzando
Dying away
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Peddle note
A repeated note
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Sehr Rasch
Very fast
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Klangfarbenmelodie
The tune is passed around the orchestra
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Hexachords
Chrods with 6 notes
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Atonal
No key
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Hauptstimme
Principal melody
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Resultant melody
a melody made up from notes being played in different instrument parts
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Polymetre
A combination of different time signitures
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Tritone
A interval of a sharpened 4th
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Syllabic
One melofy note per syllable
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Octave displacement
Moving notes from the melody to different octaves
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Tremolo
Very quick notes
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Harmonics
Very high notes
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Pizzicato
Plucked Strings
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Strident
Big,bold,confident
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Frontline instruments
The instruments on the melody line
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Head
The melody in ALL BLUES is follewed by a riff
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Riff
A repeated pattern
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Backbeats
Accenting beats thta aren't normally accented
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Sub - Bass
Bass line below 0Hz felt rather than heard
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Breakdown
One bar of silence
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Panning
Spreading of the sound to a new speaker
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EQ
Changes the frequency of the sound
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Reverb
Amplifying a sound
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Cross rhythms
Two different rhythms being played at the same time
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Flanging
Sweping effect produced through delay
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Word painting
Words mirror the musical effects
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Falsetto
Notes higher than the normal male range
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Sequence
Melody repreated higher than it was previously
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Tala
A rhytghmic pattern (In indian music)
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Raga
The scale of mode (IIM)
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Tan
when fast scalic patterns are used
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Meened
Sliding between notes when singing
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Polyphoinc
Different rhythms played together
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Hetrophonic
A type of texture where a more compilcated part is added
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Unison
Singing or playing togetehr
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Call & Response
When a leader plays and others repond
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Pentatonic Scale
Ascle using 5 notes
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Vocables
Nonsense syllables
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Strophic
Name for a structure of 2 verses and 2 inserts
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Diatonic
Using notes in the key
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A religious piece like an opera but sung not acted

Back

Oritorio

Card 3

Front

One part copies another

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A section which ends with chords 4 and 1 (subdominant to tonic)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The cello and organ in Baroque time

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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