Key Individuals - Medicine Through Time

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Hippocrates:
Encouraged clinical observation and created the theory of the four humours.
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Galen:
His work with injured gladiators gave him a good understanding of the anatomy. He wrote numerous books about the body that were accepted as being the truth for about a thousand years.
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Pasteur:
Was a French scientist who developed germ theory. His scientific methods led to a revolution in the fight against infectious diseases.
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Pare:
A French army surgeon who discovered that soothing lotions were better than cautery irons when healing gunshot wounds. He also made first use of ligatures.
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Vesalius:
He dissected bodies and recorded his findings very accurately. He corrected some of Galen’s mistakes – his work led to other people having a much greater understanding of the way the body worked.
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Harvey:
Famous English doctor who proved, and accurately recorded in drawings that the heart was like a pump – with blood flowing around the body.
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Lister:
Lister made the link between dirt in the operating theatre and death during surgery. He developed the use of Carbolic Acid as the first antiseptic. This reduced the death rate in surgery.
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Simpson:
Though not the first to attempt to reduce pain in operation, Simpsons use of chloroform led to the use of anaesthetics being much more acceptable – in part due to Queen Victoria making use of chloroform. This growing acceptance of anaesthetics paved
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Jenner:
In 1796, he created a vaccine for smallpox. This was the first time people could be made immune from disease.
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Koch:
German scientist who, spurred on through competition with Pasteur, identified the cause of several major diseases – and created vaccines to immunise against them.
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Fleming:
Discovered Penicillin. Fleming wrote numerous papers on bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy.
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Chadwick:
A civil servant who wrote and important report on the living and working conditions of the labouring classes. His work resulted in Public Health being improved by the Government of the day. He started the Public Health movement. His Sanitary Report o
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Florey and Chain:
Fleming discovered Penicillin. It was two other scientists however, Australian Howard Florey and Ernst Chain, a refugee from Nazi Germany, who developed penicillin further so that it could be produced as a drug.
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Card 2

Front

His work with injured gladiators gave him a good understanding of the anatomy. He wrote numerous books about the body that were accepted as being the truth for about a thousand years.

Back

Galen:

Card 3

Front

Was a French scientist who developed germ theory. His scientific methods led to a revolution in the fight against infectious diseases.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A French army surgeon who discovered that soothing lotions were better than cautery irons when healing gunshot wounds. He also made first use of ligatures.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

He dissected bodies and recorded his findings very accurately. He corrected some of Galen’s mistakes – his work led to other people having a much greater understanding of the way the body worked.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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