Key Idea 4- Farmer's policies

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Did farmers recieve more or less help than small shopkeepers?
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When did the Nazis begin to win the support of small farmers and how did they do this?
-In the 1928 election, -By blaming the farmer's plight and problems on the Weimar Republic,
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By 1932, what percentage of the population was employed in German agriculture?
29%
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However, what was the problem with agriculture?
There was a deep economic crisis at the beginning of the Great Depression,
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What is the number of farmers who went bankrupt from 1927 and 1932?
1927-2,534, 1932- 6,201
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What two reasons why is agriculture more important to the nazis?
-Food shortages that had contributed to the defeat of Germany in WW1 meant Germany had to be self-sufficient for the next war, -The peasantry were the 'life source of the German nation' and needed to be protected + protected German heritage
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What policy was this called?
'blood and soil' policy
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Who was the first Minister for Food and Minister for economy?
Alfed Hugenburg
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What policy did he implement to help debts and when?
-october 1933, -He began by placing a moratorium on peasant's debts
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How did he help dairy farmers?
By stating that butter must be added to margarine,
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What was his last policy he implemented to improve agriculture?
-Increased tariffss on key agricultural imports
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Who was he succeeded by in June 1934?
Richard Darre
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What did he first set up to relieve the farming industry and what did it do?
-the Reich Food Estate, -It took responsibilty for all aspects of food production and the future of German farming,
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What did he manage to get farmers, wholesalers and retaillers to agree to fix?
Prices at which agricultural produce was sold,
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Why was this an advantage?
It boosted its prices,
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However, hwo did the Government prevent the prices rising too high?
After the summer of 1935, price controls were imposed on farmers to stop them from benefitting from food shortages,
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However, what was the result of this action?
Agriculture remained relatively unprofitable and farm labourers continued to desert the countryside for towns,
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By 1938-19, how much higher was productivity than a decade earlier?
25%
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What was Darre's second major reform and when was it?
The Reich Entailed Farm Law on 29th September 1933,
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What did it rule?
That farms between 7.5 and 125 hectares couldnt be divided up or sold
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What did owners of farms have to be like and what happened if they were incompetent?
-THey had to be good farmers and 'honourable' -If not, they could be replaced under a special court ruling in favour of his wife or one of his children
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Why was this unpopular with the peasantry?
As it prevented farmers from dividing up their land between their children or using it to raise a loan to repay the bank.
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What was another of Darres plans about resettling sons of farmers who didnt inherit any land?
They would be put onto new estates of bankrupt Junkers- aristocratic landowning farmers of Prussia and Eastern Germany
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Did the Junkers oppose and what did they do?
-They did, -They appealed through Hindenburg to Hitler and exerted their influence in the army to keep their states intact,
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In support, what did the armies argue?
That big estates were needed for producing food to feed the population in wartime,
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What was Hitler's reaction and why?
He was not interested as he believed land required would be found in Russia once it was occupied by the Germans,
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When was rationing introduced?
1939
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When did major food shortages begin?
1944
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So, did farmers benefit as much as expected?
No-Government policies limited farmer's benefits and the bureaucracy of the Reich Food Estate frustrated them -Yes- Some benefits like fixed pricing and help for dairy farmers,
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Card 2

Front

When did the Nazis begin to win the support of small farmers and how did they do this?

Back

-In the 1928 election, -By blaming the farmer's plight and problems on the Weimar Republic,

Card 3

Front

By 1932, what percentage of the population was employed in German agriculture?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

However, what was the problem with agriculture?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the number of farmers who went bankrupt from 1927 and 1932?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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