Key definitions Unit 3

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War according to Clausewitz
The continuation of politics by other means
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Conventional War
inter state wars between 2 political groups. conducted with uniformed military and battlefield tactics
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Pacifism
War is Wrong, killing is wrong, Gandhi,elimination of causes of war
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Real Politic
war is inevitable, no need to justify,
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Just war Theory
criteria for war, restore peace and order through war,
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Power
Military, Economic, Geographical, population,global influence
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Great Power
1) big military, internally secure 2) economically powerful 3) global spheres of interest 4)forward foreign policy, actual impact on international affairs
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Super Power
great power plus greater mobility of power. 1) global reach 2) predominant econ and strategic role 3) lots of nukes
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Hard Power
Power of capability, influence through; threats, rewards (military, econ)
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Soft Power
power of relationship, through persuasion, and aspirations manufactured to lead to outcome
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Smart Power
Soft power backed up by hard power
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Bi-polarity + Example
2 stats dominating the global system (Cold war USA, USSR)
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Uni- Polarity + Example
one predominant state great power (New world order Bush Snr)
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Multi- Polarity
multiple states with great power status (tribal era)
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Multi- Polar disadvantage
large number great power more great power conflicts.
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Terrorism
Use of violence in order to bring about political change, Non-state actors, irregular actions, little support
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International anarchy
absence of supra national authority, states rely on self help, conflict, power politics, war less likely if maximize security rather than power
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Global Hegemony
Powerful states impose will on weak, hegemonic power impose its will on others
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world Government
supranational body over all states. EU, UN
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world Government critique
Unchecked power, cultural and language barriers, democratic accountability, really a need , unwillingness to give up sovereignty
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Global governance
International co-operation with absence of world gov, SUSTAINED co-operation, in the interest of states
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IMF
Enforce fixed exchange rates, short term financial aid, PREVENT DEVALUATION
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World Bank
Long term help, restore econs destroyed by war
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ITO
Encourage free trade
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Human Rights
Rights you have for being human
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Natural law =?
Natural rights
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Natural rights
God given rights that are fundamental to human beings cant be taken away
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realists and human rights
not important, cant hold international politics on moral terms, dislike optimistic view on human nature, national interests higher than individual ones.
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Liberals and human rights
gov duty to protect rights, if gov breaks duty to protect citizens can rebel, gov protect rights of other states as well
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Marxists on human rights
econ+social rights used to redistribute power, good for social development, collective rights
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globalisation
The growing web of interconnectedness on a global scale in regards to economic, cultural and political forms
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hyper-globalisation
people that believe globalisation is a revolutionary shift in international politics
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power politics
assumption that pursuit of power is the principle human goal
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Card 2

Front

inter state wars between 2 political groups. conducted with uniformed military and battlefield tactics

Back

Conventional War

Card 3

Front

War is Wrong, killing is wrong, Gandhi,elimination of causes of war

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

war is inevitable, no need to justify,

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

criteria for war, restore peace and order through war,

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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