Key Dates of the Cold War

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The Grand Alliance
Set up in 1941 in order to defeat the Nazis.
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The Tehran Conference
28th November - 1st December 1943
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The Yalta Conference
4th - 11th February 1945
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USA detonates first atomic bomb
1945
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The Potsdam Conference
17th July - 2nd August 1945
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Churchill's 'Iron Curtain' Speech
March 1946
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Stalin's speech in response to the 'Iron Curtain' speech
March 1946
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The Long Telegram
February 1946
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Novikov's Telegram
September 1946
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Deutschmark introduced
1946
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Polish elections
January 1947
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The Truman Doctrine
March 1947
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Formation of cominform
1947
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Bizonia formed
1947
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Trizonia formed
1947
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The Marshall Plan
1948-1949
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Yugoslavia thrown out of cominform
1948
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The use of the Deutschmark is extended to Berlin
1948
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Berlin blockade
June 1948 - May 1949
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Berlin airlift
1948 - May 12th 1949
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West Germany officially an independent state
September 1949
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Formation of comecon
1949
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Formation of NATO
1949
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USSR develops and tests atomic bomb
1949
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East Germany officially an independent state
October 1949
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USA develops the Hydrogen bomb and USSR quickly follows
early 1950s
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Stalin's death
1953
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Khrushchev is leader of the USSR
1953
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Warsaw Pact formed
1955
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Rakosi was dictator in Hungary
1949 - 1953
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Nagy becomes prime minister in Hungary (appointed by Khrushchev)
1953-1955
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Rakosi is prime minister once again by forcing Nagy out of power
1955-1956
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Khrushchev's 'Secret Speech'
1956
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Riots in Budapest
23rd October 1956
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Nagy is put back into power
1956
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Nagy supports the uprising
1956
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USSR responds to uprising with force - red army enter Hungary
4th November 1956
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2.7 million East Germans flee
1949-1961
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Khrushchev's Demand - 6 month ultimatum for USA to remove troops
November 1958
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Geneva summit
May 1959
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Camp David Summit
September 1959
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Paris Summit
May 1960
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U2 Crisis
May 1960
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Kennedy becomes president
1961
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Vienna Summit
June 1961
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US defence spending increased by $2.3 billion
1961
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Berlin wall built
12th/13th August 1961
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Tank stand off in Berlin
27th-28th October 1961
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Bay of Pigs Invasion
April 1961
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Nuclear weapons stationed in Cuba
1961
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Kennedy's speech in Berlin
1963
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Cuban Missile Crisis
16th - 28th October 1962
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Brezhnev leader of USSR
1964
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Dubcek leader of Czechoslovakia
5th January 1968
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Prague Spring
August 1968 - 20th August 1968
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Brezhnev Doctrine
13th November 1968
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Dubcek signs the Moscow Protocol
late August 1968
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Dubeck is replaced by Gustav Hasak
April 1969
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Detente
1967-1979
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Outer Space Treaty
1967
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Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
1968
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SALT I
1972
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Helsinki Conference
1975
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The Apollo-Soyuz mission
1975
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SALT II talks
1977-1979
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The Kabul Revolution
April 1978
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Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
December 1979
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Regan is president of the USA
1981
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US defence spending increases from $179 billion to $370 billion
1981-1986
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Reagan's 'Evil Empire' Speech
March 1983
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Reagan deploys US missiles in Europe
1983
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SDI development by Reagan
1980s
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Mikhail Gorbachev is leader of USSR
1985-1991
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Chernobyl crisis
April 1986
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Perestroika and Glasnot
1980s
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Geneva summit
1985
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Reykjavik summit
1986
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Washington summit
1987
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INF treaty
December 1987
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Anti-communist party protests were increasing
1980s
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The USSR and other Eastern European countries were allowed to trade more with Capitalist countries
1988
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Brezhnev Doctrine withdrawn
1989
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The USSR collapses
1989-1991
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Fall of the Berlin Wall
November 1989
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Warsaw Pact Officially dissolved
July 1991
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A group of senior communist officials organise a coup and overthrow Gorbachev
19th August 1991
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Yeltsin defeats the coup
22nd August 1991
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Gorbachev officially resigns
25th December 1991
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The Tehran Conference

Back

28th November - 1st December 1943

Card 3

Front

The Yalta Conference

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

USA detonates first atomic bomb

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The Potsdam Conference

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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