Key concepts for biopsychology

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Carries messages from the peripheral nervous system to the brain and spinal cord
Sensory neuron
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Studying whether traits have a genetic basis through artificially breeding animals for a specific trait
Selective breeding
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Genotype
Someone's genetic makeup
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Parietal lobe
The location in the brain for sensory and motor movements
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An invasive method of studying cortical specialisation through manipulating brain structures
Neurosurgery
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The division of the autonomic nervous system that inhibits saliva production, digestion and urination
Sympathetic nervous system
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Identical twins
Monozygotic twins
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Comparing a trait/ characteristic between adopted children and their biological/adoptive parents
Adoption studies
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The gap between the end of a neuron and the dendrites of another
Synapse
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Characteristics resulting from both genes and the environment
Phenotype
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Dizygotic twins
Nonidentical/ fraternal twins
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Concordance
The extent to which twins hold similar characteristics
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Neurotransmitter
Chemical substances the synaptic vesicle releases, affecting the transfer of an impulse to another nerve/muscle
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The process in which the body is kept in a constant physiological state
Homeostasis
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The division of the autonomic nervous system which stimulates saliva production, digestion, bile production and urination
Parasympathetic nervous system
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Auditory area
The area in the temporal lobe which helps to analyse speech-based information
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Lesion
The procedure in neurosurgery in which neural connection in the brain are cut
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The man whose brain was blown out on a railway, that underwent a drastic, negative change in personality
Phineas Gage
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Carries messages from the central nervous system to the muscles and glands
Motor neuron
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ACTH
The body's major stress hormone
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Selective breeding

Back

Studying whether traits have a genetic basis through artificially breeding animals for a specific trait

Card 3

Front

Someone's genetic makeup

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The location in the brain for sensory and motor movements

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Neurosurgery

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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