key concepts

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stimulus generalisation
where the same response is caused or elicited by a number of stimulis that are all similar to each other but not identical
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stimulus discrimination
where response occurs only to a very specific and narrow range of stimulis
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elicited
behavioral response in classical conditioning is said to be elicited by the stimulus.
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emitted
in operant conditioning the response is said to be emitted
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primary reinforcement
reinforcer that is essential to the survival of the organism, such as food or water
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secondary reinforcement
reinforcer that is not essential to survival but which aids survival or functioning
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positive reinforcement
when a behavior is strengthened because it is followed by a rewarding stimulus
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negative reinforcement
when behavior is strengthened because it is followed by the removal of a painful or an aversive stimulus
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punishment
stops a behaviour
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fixed ratio
for example reinforcement would be given after every 10-20 presses of the lever
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variable ratio
schedule of reinforcement- reinforcement is given on a variable basis
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fixed interval
issuing a food pellet every 20 sec regardless of how often the lever is pressed
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variable interval
reinforcement is issued at variable times
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Card 2

Front

where response occurs only to a very specific and narrow range of stimulis

Back

stimulus discrimination

Card 3

Front

behavioral response in classical conditioning is said to be elicited by the stimulus.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

in operant conditioning the response is said to be emitted

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

reinforcer that is essential to the survival of the organism, such as food or water

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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