Sample of all 15 studies

Key Assumption for all 7 of the approaches

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Bandura
72 children from Stanford University Nursery School (36 boys and 36 girls).
1 of 15
Samuel and Bryant
252 children between the ages of 5 and 8.5 from Devon, England (divided into the 4 age groups).
2 of 15
Freud
A 5-year-old boy called Little Hans who had a phobia of horses and is experiencing the Oedipus Complex.
3 of 15
Thigpen and Cleckley
A 25-year-old married woman called Eve White, who was referred to therapy because of "severee and blinding headaches" and "often blackouts".
4 of 15
Rosenhan
Part 1 = 8 pseudo patients (A psychology graduate student in his 20s, 3 psychologists, a paeditrician, a psychiatrist, Rosenhan himself, a painter, and a 'housewife'.
5 of 15
Griffiths
60 participants (30 RG's and 30 NRG's). RG's: 29 males and 1 female, all gambled at least once per week. NRG's: 15 males and 15 females, all had used a fruit machine al least once in their lifetime, but gambled once per month or less.
6 of 15
Milgram
40 males aged between 20 and 50 years of age, recruited from the New Haven area. They were obtained by responding to a newspaper and direct mail advertisement, asked for volunteers to participate in a study of memory and learning at Yale University.
7 of 15
Piliavin
4450 men and women travelling in the New York underground system between 11am and 3pm on weekdays between April 15th and June 26th, 1968 (opportunity sample).
8 of 15
Reicher and Haslam
15 male volunteers gained through national newspapers and leaflets (From 332 to 27 through the 3 stage process of clinical, medical and background screening; then down to 15 through ensuring a variety of ages, social class and ethnic background).
9 of 15
Baron-Cohen
3 groups of participants; Group 1 - with AS: (13 m & 3f) Group 2 - Control: (25m & 25f), selected randomly from a participant list of Cambridge's general population. Group 3 - Control: (8m & 2f) with TS, from tertiary referral centre in London.
10 of 15
Savage-Rumbaugh
4 apes; Kanzi, Mulika (both Bonobo chimps, Sherman, and Austin (both normal chimps). Mulika is Kanzi's sister and their mum is called Matata.
11 of 15
Loftus and Palmer
Experiment 1: 45 students from Washington University (opportunity sample) Experiment 2: 150 students from Washington University (50 were asked the speed at which they SMASHED, 50 were asked HIT, and 50 weren't asked and were the control group.
12 of 15
Sperry
11 split-brain patients who had a history of advanced epilepsy. Opportunity sample (as Sperry was making use of people who had undergone the procedure for medical reasons). We know that 1 was male and 1 was female, but not the gender of the other 9.
13 of 15
Maguire
16 male London taxi drivers (all right handed, aged between 32 and 62 years, all had been London taxi drivers for at least 1.5 years and spent at least 2 years 'on The Knowledge') and 16 control group P's (males, right handed, 32-62 years old).
14 of 15
Dement and Kleitman
9 adult participants in total (7 males and 2 females from USA). 5 were studied intensively for 6-7 nights, while only a small amount of data was gathered from the other 4 who were studied for 1-2 nights just to back up the findings from the 5 studied
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

252 children between the ages of 5 and 8.5 from Devon, England (divided into the 4 age groups).

Back

Samuel and Bryant

Card 3

Front

A 5-year-old boy called Little Hans who had a phobia of horses and is experiencing the Oedipus Complex.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A 25-year-old married woman called Eve White, who was referred to therapy because of "severee and blinding headaches" and "often blackouts".

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Part 1 = 8 pseudo patients (A psychology graduate student in his 20s, 3 psychologists, a paeditrician, a psychiatrist, Rosenhan himself, a painter, and a 'housewife'.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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