Key words psychology research methods A2

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Empirical Data
Data which can be physically seen
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Objectivity
Data and research which is not subjective or bias
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Peer review
A third-party/external body within the same field, validates research
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Abstract
A summary of a research/study
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Experiments
Carrying out a test under controlled conditions/environments
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Self-report methods
Participants are asked to report their own attitudes, abilities or feelings
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Pilot study
A small-scale trail of a study to test all aspects of the design
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Inter-rater reliability
Two or more observers are present throughout the analysis of data
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Test Re-test reliability
A test is repeated a second time using the same sample and test
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Split-half method
A test split between two different situations to see if the same results are found
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Stratified sampling
A group of participants selected according to they frequency within a population
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Inferential statistics test
Procedures for making inferences about the population from which samples are drawn
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Probability
A numerical measure of the likelihood/chance that certain events will occur
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Significance
A set of findings are sufficiently strong enough for us to accept
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Chance
The extent to which something occurs randomly
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Reflexivity
The process of self-examining qualitative research
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Content analysis
An indirect observation of somebody through their work (this is usually present through trends)
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Null hypothesis
A hypothesis stating "no findings"
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Alternative hypothesis
A hypothesis stating what you expect to find from a successful test
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Card 2

Front

Data and research which is not subjective or bias

Back

Objectivity

Card 3

Front

A third-party/external body within the same field, validates research

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A summary of a research/study

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Carrying out a test under controlled conditions/environments

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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