Key Words for GCSE

Explain the words on the front of the cards. Turn over for the definition and brief explanation

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AGAPE
A form of love demonstrated by Jesus' sacrifice. Teaches people to suffer willingly for others without expecting anything in return
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IMMANENT
Present with people. Links to the idea of a personal God who communicates through visions, prayer and the Holy Spirit
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BENEVOLENT
A loving God. He is just and fair, and loves all of His creation. Forgiving (offered humanity salvation)
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ATEMPORAL
Outside of time. God created time therefore He cannot be controlled by it, so must be outside of it
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LITERALIST / FUNDAMENTALIST
A Christian that takes the account of Genesis and creation as literal (true) because it is God's word therefore it must be infallible
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INFALLIBLE
Without error.
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LIBERALIST
A Christian who believes that while God did create the world, Genesis is simply an interpretation. These people accept scientific theory and say that God planned evolution etc
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ORIGINAL SIN
Sin that first entered the world through Adam and Eve's disobedience. This led to the Fall and all humans were born with Original Sin
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THE FALL
The end of the perfect relationship with God. Some Christians even now may say that each person must seek to re-establish this relationship
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EVIL / SUFFERING
Evil is everything that is the opposite of good. It is wicked and causes suffering. There are two types.
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NATURAL EVIL
Suffering caused by natural events such as earthquakes or floods (disasters). Some Christians believe that this exists so that humans can show themselves as kind by helping
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MORAL EVIL
Suffering as a result of human actions and the sinful nature of humans. Examples include war, famine, and disease
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MESSIAH
'Anointed one' - the name given to Jesus which describes him as a king (chosen by God) and leader Guidance
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SACRIFICIAL LOVE
A love that puts God and others above yourself. The term in the New Testament to describe this is 'Agape love'
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SALVATION
Being saved from eternity in hell (without God's presence) through repentance (eg prayer) and Jesus' ultimate sacrifice
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REPENTANCE
Saying sorry for sin. Showing that you know that you have done wrong. Christians may prayer/worship to God in order to show that they are sorry and beg forgiveness
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ATONEMENT
Something which is done to pay for a wrong action (sin). Links to repentance.
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GRACE
God's unconditional love and blessing. He even shows this to people who do not deserve it (sinners, non-believers) this shows his benevolence
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PURGATORY
Catholic belief of a place of purification for the elect. In purgatory, a person will spend an amount of time to be cleansed and achieve the holiness for obtaining a space in heaven
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HELL
Either a physical place of flames (eternal suffering/punishment) or a state of mind without God's presence. Some believe it involves annihilation which is being completely destroyed so they no longer exist
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HEAVEN
Eternal life after death in the presence and glory of God. Those who received salvation on earth can obtain a place here. Some believe it is a state of mind but others think that it is place.
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LITURGICAL WORSHIP
A form of worship which involves the congregation responding to the leader(s) of the service with set words. This familiarity can help people reflect on the meaning of the words
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SACRAMENT
A ritual with inner spiritual meaning through which a person can achieve/obtain God's grace and blessing
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EUCHARIST
The sacrament created by Jesus. Congregations share bread and wine in memory of Jesus' sacrifice. Holy communion.
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TRANSUBSTANTIATION
The Catholic belief that the bread and wine of the Eucharist transform into literally the body and blood of Christ. Jesus therefore has a physical presence at Holy Communion
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CONSUBSTANTIATION
Anglican belief that the bread and wine at the Eucharist are symbolic of Jesus' body and blood. He therefore has a spiritual presence at the service
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GLOSSOLALIA
Speaking in tongues. Link to charismatic worship, where they act as led to by the Holy Spirit.
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SUPPLICATION
Asking God for help in prayer. This may be for the person themselves or during intercessionary prayer for other people
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Present with people. Links to the idea of a personal God who communicates through visions, prayer and the Holy Spirit

Back

IMMANENT

Card 3

Front

A loving God. He is just and fair, and loves all of His creation. Forgiving (offered humanity salvation)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Outside of time. God created time therefore He cannot be controlled by it, so must be outside of it

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A Christian that takes the account of Genesis and creation as literal (true) because it is God's word therefore it must be infallible

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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