Key words

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  • Created by: jade
  • Created on: 25-02-16 18:00
Learned behaviour
A behaviour that is modified through experience
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Innate behaviour
A behaviour that is inherited (inborn) and unchanged through experience
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Ethology
The study of animal behaviour
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Imprinting
An example of modified innate behaviour
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Sexual imprinting
Learning the characteristic of their species so they only mate with the same species. They also know not to mate with their own family
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Taxis
Directional movement in response to a stimulus. Towards the stimulus is a positive tatic response and away is a negative tactic response. Simple Innate behaviour
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Kinesis
Non-directional behaviour is a response to a stimulus. Moves towards a favourable stimulus or away from a harmful one. Simple Innate behaviour
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Habituation
A learned response whereby the response to a harmless stimulus is reduced or stopped when the stimulus is repeatedly presented
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Conditioning
A learning process in which an animals behaviour becomes associated with a particular stimulus, usually requiring reinforcement
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Classical conditioning
A learning process in which the usual stimulus that causes a reflex is replaced by a new stimulus
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Operant conditioning
A learning process in which pre-existing behaviour is increased or decreased through positive or negative reinforcement. The animal comes to associate a reward or punishment with the behaviour
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Unconditioned stimulus
Something that can already elicit a response
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Unconditioned response
Something that is already elicited by a stimulus
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Unconditioned relationship
An existing stimulus response connection
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Conditioning stimulus
A new stimulus we deliver at the same time as the old stimulus
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Conditioning relationship
The new stimulus response relationship that is created by associating a new stimulus with an old response
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Card 2

Front

A behaviour that is inherited (inborn) and unchanged through experience

Back

Innate behaviour

Card 3

Front

The study of animal behaviour

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An example of modified innate behaviour

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Learning the characteristic of their species so they only mate with the same species. They also know not to mate with their own family

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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