Key Theme One-Russian Ruler's main domestic policies- Censorship

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 14-01-16 16:09
For AII, what did editors have to do in 1863?
They had to submit their newspapers for approval after printing,
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What Law was introduced in 1865 allowing what?
-Progressive Press Laws, -1865, -Writings less than 160 pages in length were freed from most censorship after printing,
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When did censorship increase again and why?
1866 after 1st assassination attempt against AII,
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Give an example of a mistake in censorship and which ruler wrote a similar title?
-"What is to be done? by Chernychevski, -This presented revolutionary ideals, -Lenin,
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How does AII show continuity?
-Nicholas and Khrushchev- Both eased censorship,
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How does AII show change?
Different from AIII-He increased censorship,
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For AIII, under what circumstances did a newspaper have to be submitted before printing?
It it had 3 or more warnings,
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What did AIII set up with powers to do what?
-He set up a Committee of Government Ministers, -Powers to close any publication deemed 'harmful' and put a lifeban on editors,
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What happened to library stock?
It was restricted in the books it was allowed to stock,
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What event was banned from being reported?
The 1891 famine
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How does AIII show continuity?
Similar to Lenin and Stalin who increase censorship to ensure power,
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How does AIII show change?
Different to other Tsars who allowed more freedoms with censorship,
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For NII, when did censorship rules ease?
In 1894 and 1905 after October Manifesto
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Give an example of a newspaper aimed at the working class and when was it sold?
Kopek (penny) newspaper 1908-1918
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What was St Petersburg renamed and when and why?
-Petrograd, -1914, -Less German
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How does NII show continuity?
Similar to Alexander II and Khrushchev- More freedom in censorship,
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How does NII show change?
AIII- He regressed censorship while NII relaxed it,
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For the Provisional Government, what was legalised?
-Free press, movement, association, political activity- So no censorship,
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However, what newspapers were banned after what event and an example?
-Bolshevik newspapers, -After the July Days, -Pravda,
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For Lenin, what was banned in 1917?
Bourgoeis parties and newspapers,
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By 1918, what was banned and therefore, what was Stalin's rule?
-He banned all other parties and newspapers, -Dictatorship,
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What policy did Lenin introduce in 1921?
Ban on factions within the party,
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What Department did Lenin set up to control the image of Russian life and when?
-1921, -Agitation and Propoganda Departnment (Agitprop)
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In what event is propaganda used and an example?
-The Civil War, -"struggle against the evil forces of Tsarism"
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How does Lenin show continuity?
Similar to Stalin and Alexander III in amount of censorship- Alot,
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How does Lenin show change?
Different to Khrushchev, AII and NII who were more relaxing in their censorship policies,
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For Stalin, what did writers and published have to join to publish work?
-Union of Soviet Writers,
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What criteria did work have to fill?
-It had to be approved and reflect "socialist realism",
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What was made a crime with radios?
To listen to foreign radio?
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When was propoganda used and an example?
-The Five Year Plans, -"Stakhanovites"-Encouraged toehrs to exceed work targets,
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How does Stalin show continuity?
Similar to Lenin and AIII in the amount of repressive censorship,
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How does Stalin show change?
Different to Nicholas, AII and Khrushchev,
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For Khrushchev, what was the time when he reduced censorship know as and who wrote a book named this?
-The Thaw era, -Book by Ehrenberg,
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Describe the increase in the number of publications of books?
Number of books published each year doubled from 1920s,
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Give an example of censorship enforced by Khrushchev with a book?
Pasternak published Dr Zhivago, abroad, -He was expelled from the Union of Soviet Writers and banned from recieving Noble Prize for Literature 1958
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What event was not published in the newspapers?
Novocherkassk food riots 1962- Not reported,
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How does Khrushchev show continuity?
Similar to AII and NII in relaxing of censorship.
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How does Khrushchev show change?
Different to Stalin and Lenin and AIII- More repressive in censorship,
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To conclude, what is the pattern or big picture for censorship for the rulers?
Censorship changed the pattern of liberalisation to repression to liberalisation and so on.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What Law was introduced in 1865 allowing what?

Back

-Progressive Press Laws, -1865, -Writings less than 160 pages in length were freed from most censorship after printing,

Card 3

Front

When did censorship increase again and why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give an example of a mistake in censorship and which ruler wrote a similar title?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does AII show continuity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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