Key Theme 1-Russian Ruler's main domestic policies- Nationalities

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 14-01-16 12:23
For AII, what did he give to which nationality at the beginning of his reign?
-He gave an amnesty to the Poles from their 1830-31 uprising,
1 of 40
When was the Polish Revolt and what was it caused by?
-1863, -It was caused by the hanging of those who assassinated Russian appointed Polish Prime Minister,
2 of 40
What two countries were given concessions for not uprising?
Finland and Ukraine,
3 of 40
What two things did AII allow in Ukraine?
He allowed the 1st Ukranian newspaper and Ukranian language allowed,
4 of 40
What two things did he allow in Finland and the dates?
-Its own Parliament in 1863, -Its own constitution in 1865
5 of 40
Did the nationalities have any representation in the zemstva?
No
6 of 40
How does AII show continuity?
The Provisional Government also gave independence to some nationalities,
7 of 40
How does AII show change?
He is different to most other rulers as he is more tolerant, -Different to AIII over treatment of Finland
8 of 40
For AIII, give three examples of nationalities he repressed due to what policy?
-Poles, Lithuanians, -Finns, -Russification,
9 of 40
What did AIII impose on all nationalities and an example in Ukraine?
-He reimposed the Russian language, -Books couldn't be published in Ukraine,
10 of 40
What did AIII impose in Poland and when?
-1885, -He imposed the Russian language in Primary schools and made plans to build an Orthodox Church in the capital Warsaw,
11 of 40
How does AIII show continuity?
He is similar to NII as both controlled nationalities,
12 of 40
How does AIII show change?
He is different to Alexander II who was more liberalising with nationalities,
13 of 40
For NII, what Law did he introduce and when and what did this make compulsory?
-Fundamental Laws, -1906, -The Russian State is indivisible and Russian language compulsory in the army, navy, state and public institutions,
14 of 40
Did Nationalities have any representation in Russia?
Yes, in the Dumas,
15 of 40
What country did NII russify?
He russified Finland
16 of 40
However, in 1905 what was Finland allowed? How long did this last?
In 1905, Finland was give autonomy, -However, it was reneged on in the same year,
17 of 40
How does NII show continuity?
Similar to NII in his russificiation policies,
18 of 40
How does NII show change?
He is different to previous Tsars in that Finland was russified,
19 of 40
For the Provisional Government, what two countries were given independence and when?
-Ukraine and Finland, -1917
20 of 40
How does the Provisional Government show change?
As this is the only ruler who allows nationalities independence,
21 of 40
For Lenin, what Decree did he introduce at the start of his reign which allowed what?
1917 Decree of Nationalities, -This allowed self-government in Russian states,
22 of 40
However, were they given independence?
No- leaders of independence movements seen as traitors,
23 of 40
What country remained independent during the Civil War?
Poland,
24 of 40
When was Ukraine finally retaken?
1922
25 of 40
What representation do Nationalities have and who is in charge?
-Soviet of Nationalities, -Stalin was the Head of Nationalities,
26 of 40
How does Lenin show continuity?
Similar to Stalin as both in theory would allow independence, but both used anti-Communist arguments to refuse independence attempts,
27 of 40
How does Lenin show change?
He is different to Alexander II who was more liberalising and NII to an extent,
28 of 40
For Stalin, give an example nationality who suffered in the purges and when?
Polish communities- Katyn Massacre of Poles in 1940
29 of 40
What did policy did Stalin introduce which allowed in theory to do what?
1936 Constitution, -Allowed all federal states in theory to leave the federation,
30 of 40
However, were any nationalities allowed to leave?
No
31 of 40
For an example of harsh treatment of nationalities after WW2, how many people from the Baltic States were put in prison and how many Russian settled there?
-200,000 were put in Russian prisons, -400,000 Russians settled there,
32 of 40
In 1953, what percent of the Latvian Army was Latvian and what is this an example of?
-Only 60%, -Russificiation,
33 of 40
How does Stalin show continuity?
Similar to Lenin and AIII's Russification,
34 of 40
How does Stalin show change?
Different to AII and Nicholas to some extent,
35 of 40
For Khrushchev, what two uprisings did he oppress and when?
-1953 GDR uprising repressed, -1956 Hungary uprising repressed by force,
36 of 40
What policy did Khrushchev follow which allowed what power transfer?
-De-Centralisation, -Some power was transferred to the 15 Republics,
37 of 40
How does Khrushchev show continuity?
Similar to Stalin- Both repressive with force,
38 of 40
How does Khrushchev show change?
Different to AII and Nicholas to some extent.
39 of 40
To conclude, what is the overall pattern of continuity and change for the rulers?
Overall, there is more continuity than change in the repression of national idenities,
40 of 40

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the Polish Revolt and what was it caused by?

Back

-1863, -It was caused by the hanging of those who assassinated Russian appointed Polish Prime Minister,

Card 3

Front

What two countries were given concessions for not uprising?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What two things did AII allow in Ukraine?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What two things did he allow in Finland and the dates?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Russia - 19th and 20th century resources »