Key Theme 1- Russian Ruler's domestic policies-Education

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 14-01-16 09:30
For AII, what social group did he admit to University and when? Give a statistic to show its success?
-Women, -1875, -By 1881, 2,000 women were studying,
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What changes were brought in from AII's Elementary School Statute and when was it?
18164, -Incease in number of primary schools from 8,000 in 1856 to over 23,000 in 1880,
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However, when and where did student riots occur which led to what?
-St Petersburg, -1861, -Led to restrictions,
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How does AII show continuity?
Similar to the Tsars over concerns about University students
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How does AII show change?
Different to AIII who was more restrictive,
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For AIII, what changes did he make to show regression in his school policies?
He increases secondary school fees so effectively bans poor children from an education,
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What did AIII introduce to repress universities?
He introduced university inspections- Students were subject to inspectors inquiring into their non-academic activities,
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How does AIII show continuity?
He is similar to Dictators who use education to improve an ideology,
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How does AIII show change?
He is different to most of the other rulers as he restricted education,
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For NII, what does the literacy rate increase to by when?
-28% literacy rate, -By 1913,
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How did NII change the number of primary schools and when?
-He doubled them, -1905-1914,
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What percent of primary aged children are in schools by when?
-50% of all primary age children in school by 1914
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How deos NII show continuity?
He is similar to the Tsars as secondary education is only for the elites,
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How does NII show change?
Different to AIII as he expanded education rather then regressed it,
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For the Provisional Government, did they introduce any changes?
No changes or impact,
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For Lenin, due to his Communist beleifs, what influence was removed from education?
-Religion/ the Church was removed from having any influence in education,
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What education policy did Lenin introduce to allow all social groups to attend school?
He allowed 9 years of free education,
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What did he change the focus of education to?
He changed it to focus on skills for work,
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However, did this 9 year free education continue for his whole reign?
No-Free schooling ended after the introduction of the New Economic Policy in 1921 so numbers fell,
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How does Lenin show continuity?
He is similar to Stalin who also used education to help industrial drive,
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How does Lenin show change?
Different to the Tsars- Religious teaching not allowed,
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For Stalin, what policy did Stalin introduce for primary schools and when?
Attendance at primary schools was made compulsory, -1930,
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What did the number of children attending primary schools double to?
They more than doubled to 18 million,
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However, when did education regress back to regular exams and teaching?
1935,
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What were the illteracy rates for men and women by 1938?
Men-4%, Women-11%
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What fees were reintroduced and when?
-Higher education fees, -1940
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How does Stalin show continuity?
He is similar to the later Tsars with his return to academic focus for a while, -Nicholas-Achieved his aim for primary education,
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How does Stalin show change?
Different to the Tsars as religious teaching was not allowed,
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For Khrushchev, what fees did he abolish and when?
He abolished University fees in 1958,
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What schooling was also made free for all?
Secondary schooling,
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How does Khrushchev show continuity?
He is similar to all as all saw growth in literacy rates,
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How does Khrushchev show change?
Stalin- School fees,
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What is the conclusion for education about the pattern/ overal picture of all the rulers?
Most tried to expand education but sometimes restricted to the masses. Education was used to control, impose or indoctrinate.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What changes were brought in from AII's Elementary School Statute and when was it?

Back

18164, -Incease in number of primary schools from 8,000 in 1856 to over 23,000 in 1880,

Card 3

Front

However, when and where did student riots occur which led to what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does AII show continuity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does AII show change?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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