Key Terms: Memory

  • Created by: mayono1
  • Created on: 01-03-18 19:31
Coding
The format in which information is stored in the various memory stores
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Cpatacity
The amount of info that can be held in a memory store
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Duration
The length of time information can be held in memory
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Short Term Memory (STM)
The limited-capacity memory store. Coding is mainly acoustic, capacity is between 5 and 9 items on average, duration is between 18 and 30 seconds
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Long Term Memory (LTM)
The permanent memory store. Coding is mainly semantic, it has unlimited capacity and can store memories for up to a lifetime
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Multi-Store Model (MSM)
A representation of how memory works in terms of 3 stores called sensory register, STM and LTM. It also describes how info is transferred from one store to another, how it's remembered and how it's forgotten
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Sensory Register
The memory stores for each of our 5 senses. The capacity of the sensory register is huge and information lasts a very short time
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Episodic Memory
A LTM store for personal events. It includes memories of when the events occurred and of the people, objects, places and behaviours involved. Memories from this store have to be retrieved consciously and with effort
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Semantic Memory
A LTM store for our knowledge of the world. This includes facts and our knowledge of what words and concepts mean. These memories usually also need to e recalled deliberately
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Procedural Memory
A LTM store for our knowledge on how to do things. This includes our memories of learned skills. We usually recall these memories without making a conscious or deliberate effort
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Working Memory Model (WMM)
A representation of STM. It suggests that STM is a dynamic processor of different types of info using sub-units coordinated by a central decision-making system
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Central Executive
The component of the WMM that co-ordinates the acitivities of 3 subsystems in memory. It also allocates processing resources to those activities
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Phonological Loop
The component of the WMM that process info in terms of sound. This includes both written and spoken material. It is divided into the phonological store and articulatory process.
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Visuo-spatial Sketchpad
The component of the WMM that processes visual and spatial info in a mental space often called 'inner eye'
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Episodic Buffer
The component of WMM that brings together material from the other subsystems into a single memory
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Interference
Forgetting because one memory blocks another, causing one or both to be distorted or forgotten
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The amount of info that can be held in a memory store

Back

Cpatacity

Card 3

Front

The length of time information can be held in memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The limited-capacity memory store. Coding is mainly acoustic, capacity is between 5 and 9 items on average, duration is between 18 and 30 seconds

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The permanent memory store. Coding is mainly semantic, it has unlimited capacity and can store memories for up to a lifetime

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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