Key terms Medical ethics

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  • Created by: devinter
  • Created on: 15-04-16 18:12
Medical Ethics
Issues of right and wrong arising in the field of Health Care
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Abortion
An artificially induced miscarriage, the ending of a pregnancy before the due date
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Miscarriage
The natural termination of a pregnancy before its due date; the baby does not survive
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Fertility
The ability of an individual to conceive a child naturally
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Fertility Treatment
Medical treatments used to help couples that are unable to conceive naturally
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Infertility
An inability to conceive naturally
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In Vitro Fertilisation
IVF; the process whereby eggs and sperm are mixed together outside the body and then implanted in the womb
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Euthanasia
Literally ‘good death’; also known as mercy killing or assisted suicide; when a person is helped to die by others
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Passive euthanasia
Allowing nature to take its course; withdrawal of treatment, even if that results in the patient’s death
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Active euthanasia
Taking action to cause a death, for example giving an overdose
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Voluntary euthanasia
Euthanasia requested by the patient
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Involuntary euthanasia
Euthanasia carried out in cases where the patient is unable to make euthanasia their wishes on the matter known
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Suicide
Deliberately taking your own life
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Hospice
A hospital for the care of terminally ill patients
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Terminal illness
An illness that will inevitably result in the death of the patient
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Chronic illness
An illness that causes extreme and constant pain and/or discomfort, but that does not in itself kill the patient
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Palliative Care
Medical care focussed on making the patient comfortable rather than on curing them, usually given to dying patients
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Surrogacy
Having a child for a woman who is unable to have her own
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Genetic Engineering
Manipulating human genes to create a child with certain characteristics
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Embryology
Working with embryo and embryonic tissues for medical research purposes
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Ensoulment
The time at which a developing child in the womb gets its soul
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Sanctity of Life
The idea that all human life is sacred to God
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Agape
Unconditional love/the love of God; a concept used by Christians when trying to decide how they should act
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Double Effect
A Catholic doctrine which teaches that euthanasia is acceptable as a side effect of treatment that is intended to help the patient
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Cloning
This refers to the scientific process of making a duplicate of something such as a plant, or a human. There is also therapeutic cloning which is the duplication of tissues in order to help people who are ill.
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Assisted suiside
his is when someone helps someone else kill them-self because they do not want to live in pain
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Dominion
This word has been interpreted to mean that people have power over (“rule over”) and therefore they can do to the world and animals what they want. However others would say that God intended humankind to take care of the world and look after it for f
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Medical research
These are experiments and investigations carried out by scientists and doctors in the hope of finding a cure for diseases such as cancer
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Stewardship
The word “steward” means look after – Christians believe they should be looking after the world for God
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

An artificially induced miscarriage, the ending of a pregnancy before the due date

Back

Abortion

Card 3

Front

The natural termination of a pregnancy before its due date; the baby does not survive

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The ability of an individual to conceive a child naturally

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Medical treatments used to help couples that are unable to conceive naturally

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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