Key Terms

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  • Created by: CJKALMM
  • Created on: 04-02-16 13:41
Beanpole Family
A family that is vertically extended but not horizontally extended e.g Grandparents, Parents, Children. No Aunts and Uncles
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Birth Rate
The number of live births per thousand of the population per year
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Bourgeouisie
Marxist term. The ruling class, the owners of the means of production (factories, machinery)
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Childhood
Socially defined age-status. Differences between how childhood is defined both historically and culturally.
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Civil Partnership
2004 Civil Partnership Act - Gave same-sex couples similar rights to married couples in respect of pensions, inheritance, tenancies and property.
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Conjugal Roles
Roles played by the husband and wife. This is when the husband is the breadwinner and the wife is the homemeker. Their leisure time is spent sp separately.
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Joint Conjugal Role
Husband and wife each perform both roles and they spend their leisure time together.
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Culture
All the things that are learnt and shared by a society or a group of people. Shared norms and values.
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Death Rate
Number of deaths per thousand of the population per year.
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Demography
Study of the population, including birth rate, fertillity and infant mortality rates, immigration and emigration, and age structure as well as reasons for these changes.
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Dependency Culture
People assume that the state will support them, rather than relying on their own efforts and taking responsibilty for their families.
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Dependency Ratio
Relationship between the size of the working population and the non-working or dependent population.
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Domestic Labour
This is the work performed in the home such as childcare, cooking, and cleaning.
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Dual Burden
When a person (usually the woman) is responsible for two jobs. Usually paid work and domestic labour.
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Emotion Work
Meeting the emotional needs of other people. Involves responding the physical and emotional needs. Part of the triple shift.
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Triple Shift
A person (usually a woman) is responsible for three jobs. Usually paid work, domestic labour and emotion work.
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Empathy
Understanding of how another person thinks, feels or acts. This is achieved by putting yourself in another persons place/shoes.
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Empty Shell Marriage
Marriage in name only. A couple continues to live under the same roof but as separate individuals. May occur when divorce is difficult for legal, religious or financial reasons or when couple decide to stay together for the sake of their children.
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Exploitation
Paying workers less than the value of their labour. Process where the bourgeoisie take value or profit from the proletariat.
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Expressive Role
Caring, nurturing role of the homemaker in the family. Usually the woman.
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Extended Family
Any group of kin, which are extended beyond the nuclear family. The family may be extended vertically or horizontally.
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Family Diversity
Idea there is a range of different family types, rather than just one.
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Fertility Rate
The total fertility rate (TFR) is the average number of children women will have during their fertile years. Usually between 15 - 44.
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Feminism
Sociological perspective that focuses on women's oppression and the struggle to end it.
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Function
Contribution that a part of society makes to the stability or well-being of society as a whole.
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Functionalism
A sociological perspective where they see society as based on shared valkues into which members are socialised
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Globalisation
World is becoming increasingly interconnected and barriers are disappearing
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Hierarchy
System in which there is someone of a higher status, or authority.
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Household
Group of people that live together and share things such as meals, bills, chores, or one person living alone.
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Ideology
Set of beliefs that serve the interest of the dominant social group.
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Industrialisation
Shift from an agricultural economy to one that is based on factory production.
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Individualisation Thesis
Argues as a result of weakening of the influence of traditional structures and norms. Individuals are freer to make their own life choices.
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Individualism
Belief that the individual is more important than the group or community.
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Infant Mortality Rate
Number of infants who die before their first birthday, per thousand live births per year.
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Instrumental Role
Breadwinner. Get's the money for the family. Goes out to work.
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Labelling
Process of attaching a definition or meaning to an individual or group.
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Life Expectancy
How long on average people born in a certain year can expect to live.
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Living Apart Together (LATs)
Couples who are in a relationship but are not married or cohabiting.
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Marxism
Sociological perspective based on the ideas of Karl Marx. Sees society as divided into two opposed classes, one which exploits the labour of the other.
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Migration
Involves people moving from place to place, can be internal or within a society
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Net Migration
Difference between the number of immigrants entering a country and the number of emigrants leaving it.
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New Right
Conservative, political perspective whose supporters believe in self-reliance and individual choice rather than dependence on the state.
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Norms
Social rules, expectations or standards. Each culture has their own set of norms.
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Nuclear Family
Two-generation family of a man and woman and their dependent children.
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Patriarchy
Ruled by male. Women feel oppressed by this.
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Proletariat
The working class in a capitalist society
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Pure Relationship
one which exists solely to meet the partners needs. Couple's stay together for love, happiness or sexual attraction
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Reconstituted Family
A step family. which one or both partners has a child from a previous relationship.
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Reserve Army of Labour
Marxist concept describing groups who can be brought into the workforce when there is a labour shortage.
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Secularisation
Decline of religion.
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Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
A prediction is made about a person or group and it becomes true because the prediction has been made.
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Social Action Theories
See the individual as having free will, choice and power to create society through their actions and interaction.
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Social Class
Social grouping or hierarchy based on differences in wealth, income or occupation.
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Social Construction
Where something is created by societies processes rather than occuring naturally.
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Social Policy
Actions, plans and programmes og government bodies and agencies that aim to deal with a problem or achieve a goal.
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Socialisation
Process by which an individual learns the culture of society.
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Stabilisation of Adult Personalities
Parsons second function of the family. Adults can relax and release tension so they are ready to return to the workforce and meet their demands.
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Reproduction
Murdock's function of the family. Couples have children so they can fulfil the needs of society.
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Ascribed Status
The status you are born with.
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Achieved Status
The status you earn in society. Work for it.
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Stigma
A negative label or a mark of disapproval.
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Structural Theories
See the indiviual as shaped by the way society is structured or organised.
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Symmetrical Family
A nuclear family with more equal or joint conjugal roles, in which the husbands participate in domestic labour as well as being a breadwinner and wives can work too.
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Underclass
Lowest level of the class structure: a class below the working class with a separate, deviant subculture and lifestyle
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Unit of Consumption
Where the family buys products that continues capitalism.
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Unit of Production
Family members work together as an economic producers, more common in pre-industrialisation society.
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Value Consensus
Agreement among society's members about what values are important; shared culture.
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Values
Idea or beliefs about general principles or goals.
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Welfare State
Government or state take responsibility for people's well being, especially their basic minimum needs
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The number of live births per thousand of the population per year

Back

Birth Rate

Card 3

Front

Marxist term. The ruling class, the owners of the means of production (factories, machinery)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Socially defined age-status. Differences between how childhood is defined both historically and culturally.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

2004 Civil Partnership Act - Gave same-sex couples similar rights to married couples in respect of pensions, inheritance, tenancies and property.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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