Key terms

General practitioner
A doctor who does not specialise in a specific branch of medicine but provides ongoing treatment and preventative care in the community for a variety of medical problems that may be experienced by all ages
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Preventative care
Care and education that aims to ensure people remain healthy and are aware of factors that can lead to illness and poor health. It includes screening and vaccination programmes.
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Consultant
A senior doctor, normally based in a hospital, who provides specialist expert healthcare in their area of expertise
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Nurse practitioner
Provides expert consultancy service to patients and their carers. They contribute to the management and development of the care provision. They also undertake research and contribute to the education and training of other members of staff.
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Health screening
The process of checking for the presence of disease in individuals who have no signs or symptoms
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Antenatal care
Care provided for a mother and her baby before birth
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Postnatal care
Care provided for a mother and her baby after birth
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Supported housing
Shelter, support and care provided for vulnerable people to help them live as independently as possible in the community
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Policies
Detailed descriptions of the approach, and often the specific procedures that should be followed, in caring for clients
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Procedures
Written instructions that outline the expected and required routines that care staff must follow in specific situations, for example reporting accidents or administering medicines, in order to implement agreed policies
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Safeguarding
Policies to ensure that children and vulnerable adults are protected from harm, abuse and neglect and that their health and well being is promoted
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Self-help groups
Groups formed by people who share a common issue that they wish to address. The members provide advice, support and care for each other.
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Rehabilitation
The process of restoring a person to good health following surgery, an accident or other illness, including recovery from addiction
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Psychotherapy
Type of therapy used to treat emotional and mental health conditions, usually by talking to a trained therapist one-to-one or in a group
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Complementary therapies
A wide range of treatments designed to treat the whole person rather than the symptoms of their disease
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Conventional medical treatment
A system of treating an individual's symptoms and diseases using drugs, radiation or surgery
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Assistive technology
Any tool or strategy used to help people with disabilities complete their studies successfully and reach their full potential
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Domiciliary care
Services provided by a welfare agency for people in their own homes
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Halal
An Arabic term meaning permissable or allowed. Used in the context of preparing food according to Islamic law set down in the Qu'ran, for example how animals are killed and meat prepared for consumption.
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Kosher
Means suitable. Used in the context of food preparation and consumption according to Jewish dietary laws. Covers permitted and forbidden foods, for example not cooking or eating milk and meat products together.
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Gluten
A product found in wheat and some other grains. When people with coeliac disease eat gluten, they experience an immune response that attacks their small intestine causing symptoms, such as abdominal bloating, pain and diarrhoea.
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Informal care
Care and support provided by relatives and friends, normally unpaid and in addition to the care provided by professional health and care providers
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Empowerment
Supporting people to take control of their lives and futures by taking a full part in discussions and decisions about their care and treatment
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Individualised care
Care provision tailored to meet the particular and specific needs of each service user
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Self-esteem
A person's sense of self respect; the confidence a person has in their own worth and value
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Multi-cultural society
A population made up of people from a variety of different ethnic backgrounds and cultural traditions
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Lone worker's policy
Guidance and procedures to ensure people working on their own are safe, it is particularly important when providing domiciliary care and it protects the carer mainly but also the service user.
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Risk assessment
A systematic process of evaluating the potential risks that may be involved in an activity or task
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Risk
A situation involving exposure to danger (likelihood)
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Hazard
An identifiable thing that could cause harm
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Hazardous waste
Waste containing substances that can cause serious harm to people or equipment, including soiled dressings and items contaminated with bodily fluids, explosives, flammable materials and substances that poison and destroy human tissue
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Protocol
A system of rules about the correct way to act in formal situations
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Trade Unions
An organisation made up of members (mainly workers) that protects and advances the interests of its members in the workplace
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Whistleblowing
When a person reports any kind of wrongdoing
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Regulatory bodies
Non-membership organisations established on the basis of legal mandate that aim to protect the public by imposing requirements, restrictions and conditions, setting standards and securing compliance
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Physical disability
A limitation on a person's physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina
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Sensory impairment
When one of the senses (sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste and spatial awareness) is no longer normal
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Quadriplegia
A form of paralysis that is caused by illness or injury. It results in the partial or total loss of the use of all four limbs.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Care and education that aims to ensure people remain healthy and are aware of factors that can lead to illness and poor health. It includes screening and vaccination programmes.

Back

Preventative care

Card 3

Front

A senior doctor, normally based in a hospital, who provides specialist expert healthcare in their area of expertise

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Provides expert consultancy service to patients and their carers. They contribute to the management and development of the care provision. They also undertake research and contribute to the education and training of other members of staff.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The process of checking for the presence of disease in individuals who have no signs or symptoms

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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