Key principles associated with natural law

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What are the primary precepts
To live,reproduce, learn,have an ordered society and worship God
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What are the purpose of the primary precepts
If humans follow the precepts or rules, then it is believed that they behave in a way that is pleasing to God
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What if they are not followed?
If they are not followed for example to not worship God then we are behaving in a way that is morally unacceptable
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What are secondary precepts?
Secondary precepts are rules that follow from obedience to the primary precepts
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What did Bowie state about the secondary precepts?
'secondary precepts are rulings about things that we should or shouldnt do because they uphold or fail to uphold the primary precept'
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What is an example of a secondary precept?
As a primary precept is to reproduce a secondary precept would be that sexual intercourse must be free to the opportunity of having a child
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What is the role of human reason according to Thompson
'direct themselves and therefore take responsibility for knowing and doing what God intends for them'
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What is the role of human reason according to Aquinas
Our ability as humans to reason enables us to work out what Gods plan for us really is
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What did aquinas state about the role of human reason?
'To disparage the dictate of reason is equivalent to condemning the command of God'
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Why is it needed instead of scripture
As the scriptures do not tell us how to behave in every situation, human reason is needed to supplement scripture in order to help us when making moral decisions
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What does this mean natural law is linked to
The role of reason in ethical decision making implies that natural law is linked to a universal standard of behaviours
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What are the cardinal virtues?
prudence,temperance,fortitude and justice
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How will these virtues help us
These virtues should inform peoples ability to reason and therefore assist them in the process of making moral decisions
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What are other examples of virtues according to Aquinas?
The ten commandments and pauls teaching 'faith,hope and love'
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What is the concept of apparent goods?
The concept of apparent goods is a fundamental part of the natural law thoery
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What is aquinas' response to negative human reason?
That humans act immorally because they seek an apparent good as opposed to what is a real good
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What did aquinas state about apparent goods?
'no evil can be desirable, either by natural appetite or by conscious will it will be sought indirectly because of the consequence of some good'
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What did aquinas argue about apparent goods
That if our human reason was fully developed, everyone would have the ability to differentiate between real and apparent goods
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What are interior and exterior acts?
That we should not behave in a good way for wrong reasons for example giving to charity to attract praise
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What is the double effect?
Double effect encourages followers of natural law to focus onlyy on the primary intention of our actions, rather than any secondary side effects our actions may have.
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An example of double effect?
A doctor giving pain killing drugs to a patient, primary intention to reduce patients suffering even though the secondary intention way decrease the patients life
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What are the purpose of the primary precepts

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If humans follow the precepts or rules, then it is believed that they behave in a way that is pleasing to God

Card 3

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What if they are not followed?

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Card 4

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What are secondary precepts?

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Card 5

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What did Bowie state about the secondary precepts?

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