Key Presidents (Topic 1)

  • Created by: bintahall
  • Created on: 19-03-19 18:33
Wilson. What Party? What years? What did he do?
Democratic. 1913-1921. Took America into war, caused a shift in party support due to this. Stroke in 1919 and stopped producing any reforms onwards
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Harding. What Party? What years? What did he do?
Republican. 1921-1923. Return to Normalcy. 1923-Corruption found within his administration which led many to go to jail. Believed in "Less government in business and more business in government."
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Harding continued...
Isolationism: Wanted US to focus more on itself. Introduced tariffs that favored US business. Emergency Quota Act 1921-Reduced immigration allowances. Didn't join LoN and passed Neutrality Act
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Coolidge. What Party? What years? What did he do?
Republican. 1923-1929. Lassiz-faire, did and said little. Many blamed the GD on his policies
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Hoover. What Party? What years? What did he do?
Republican. 1929-1933. People believed he did little to help in the GD. He actually doubled federal public works spending in 3yrs. Set up Presidents Organisation for Employment Relief to help those in need (was shut down in 1932 due to lack of money)
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Hoover continued...
Cut his and other state official salaries by 20%. Set up the Reconstruction Finance Corporation 1932. Was involved in the Bonus Army which ruined reputation and led to another shift in party support
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Roosevelt. What Party? What years? What did he do?
Democrat. 1933-1945. Set up the New Deal, was very successful in first term and was able to pass reforms through Congress easily. In second term he tried to reform Congress which made people think he was trying to break the constitution.
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Roosevelt continued...
Lost mass of Democratic support, he was no longer successful in passing reforms due to mass opposition. Although he showed to be a good leader in WW2, his next term votes were low suggesting there was becoming a shift to the right again
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Truman. What Party? What years? What did he do?
Democrat. 1945-1953. Proved himself a strong leader. Made the decision to drop an atomic bomb in Japan. However, didn't do much in terms of ending racial discrimination
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Eisenhower. What Party? What years? What did he do?
Republican. 1953-1961. Successful in the army
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JFK. What Party? What years? What did he do?
Democrat. 1961-1963. Cuban Missile Crisis 1962. Involved in American CR's
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Lyndon B. Johnson What Party? What years? What did he do?
Democrat. 1963-1969. Pushed a CR's Bill through Congress. 1965 Supported the Great Society. His CR legislation and Medicate help to improve many lives.
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Lyndon B. Johnson continued...
After 1965 he escalated US involvement in Vietnam war even though he had promised not to. Led to anti-war protest and he became unpopular
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Nixon. What Party? What years? What did he do?
Republican. 1969-1974. Wanted to help Middle America. Not liked buy did de-escalate the Vietnam war and improved USSR and China relations. Wasn't successful in dealing with economic problems
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Nixon's scandal
Watergate Scandal: Republicans broke into the Democratic headquarters during the 1952 election. Destroyed nations faith in the political system. Resigned rather than facing impeachment
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Ford. What Party? What years? What did he do?
1974-1977. Republican. Pardoned Nixon and therefore became unpopular. But did help to restore stability after Watergate
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Carter. What Party? What years? What did he do?
1977-1981. Democrat. US in crisis due to inflation because of rising oil prices and gov overspending and unemployment. USSR winning CW. He failed to help in Iran Hostage Crisis. Admin was involved in several scandals and he lacked leadership
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Republican. 1921-1923. Return to Normalcy. 1923-Corruption found within his administration which led many to go to jail. Believed in "Less government in business and more business in government."

Back

Harding. What Party? What years? What did he do?

Card 3

Front

Isolationism: Wanted US to focus more on itself. Introduced tariffs that favored US business. Emergency Quota Act 1921-Reduced immigration allowances. Didn't join LoN and passed Neutrality Act

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Republican. 1923-1929. Lassiz-faire, did and said little. Many blamed the GD on his policies

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Republican. 1929-1933. People believed he did little to help in the GD. He actually doubled federal public works spending in 3yrs. Set up Presidents Organisation for Employment Relief to help those in need (was shut down in 1932 due to lack of money)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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