Keeping Healthy

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What makes up a balanced diet?
Carbohydrates, fat, proteins, vitamins, minerals
1 of 10
Name one health problem long-term obesity can lead to.
Type 2 Diabetes
2 of 10
What is your metabolic rate?
The rate at which chemical reactions of your body take place
3 of 10
What is a pathogen?
A microorganism - usually bacteria or viruses
4 of 10
Who was the doctor who realised that infection could be transferred person to person in a hospital?
Semmelweiss
5 of 10
Name three things white blood cells do to defend the body against pathogens.
Ingest (digest and destroy) pathogens; produce antibodies to destroy particular pathogens; produce antitoxins to counteract toxins produced by pathogens
6 of 10
Who discovered penicillin and when?
Alexander Fleming, 1928
7 of 10
What is the MRSA bacteria and what makes it so dangerous?
A super bacterium that evolved through natural selection. It has become resistant to antibiotics, meaning it is harder to destroy. MRSA is ever-growing, due to the antibiotics killing off normal bacteria and leaving the MRSA free to spread.
8 of 10
How does a vaccine work?
Dead/inactive forms of a pathogen are injected into the person. The white blood cells respond by making an antibody that matches that pathogen and destroys it. This makes the person immune - the white blood cells can now make antibodies quickly.
9 of 10
Fill in the sentence. "Foods rich in _______ ____ can increase blood cholestrol levels."
Saturated fats
10 of 10

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name one health problem long-term obesity can lead to.

Back

Type 2 Diabetes

Card 3

Front

What is your metabolic rate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a pathogen?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was the doctor who realised that infection could be transferred person to person in a hospital?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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