Kantian Ethics

  • Created by: Kirsty
  • Created on: 19-04-13 10:37
What does Deontological mean?
A set of rules you have to obide by. Duties to follow. If you follow to rules it will be good, if you don't, bad.
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Kant was a rationalist. What does that mean?
He believes in reasoning to help us find the answer.
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What is Good Will?
A sense of Duty we have to decide the right thing.
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What is the Catagorical Imperative?
An Absalutist aproach. Doesn't look at the concequences of an action.
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What are the Catagorical Imperatives?
Universalisation. Humans as ends. The kingdom of ends. Doesn't think about the consequences.
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What is the Hypothetical Imperative?
What you ought to do. Thinking about the concequences. A relativist approach to situations. You would always think of the outcome of something before you do it.
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What does "Universalisation" mean when talking about the Catagorical Imperative?
For someone only to carry out an action if they belive in the thing to be moral. All people should act in the same way. It is hypocritical to say you can not kill and then go and murder someone.
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What does treating "Humans as Ends" mean when talking about the Catagorical Imperative?
He means to value people in themselves rather than for what you can achieve by means of them. In other words, don't use people. Value people in themselves because it's a rational way of thinking.
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What does "The kingdom of ends" mean when talking about the Catagorical Imperative?
The kingdom of ends is a society of people that are intitled to be treated as an ends not means. Kant said that everybody should act as though everyone has the same human rights as themselves.
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What, did kant say equaled a moral action?
Good Will and Duty.
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Was Kant a Relativist or Absolutist?
An Absolutist.
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Was Kantian Ethics "a priori" or "a posteriori"?
A priori as it was a theory that used reasoning.
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What did Kant think of empiricism?
He rejected it as he didn't believe in the idea the we gain knowledge through our senses of the material world.
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What did Kant think of the idea of happiness?
He said that it was a selfish thing to base our idea of morality on being happy.It would also mean the the theory would be based more on feelings.
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What is a "Maxim"?
A moral principle that Kant believed could be used by all rational human beings.
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What is "Universalisation"?
All people should act the same way. For example, if you thought is was wrong for someone to kill someone else then it would also be wrong for you to kill a person too.
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What does "Humans as Ends" mean?
Everyone should be given the same opportunities as everyone else.You should treat someone as if they are an end and not just a means to an end.
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What is the "Universal Kingdom of Ends"?
A society made of people where everyone is treated as ends not means. Every one has the same human rights.
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What does "Summum Bonum" mean?
The highest good. This has a teleological basis where it is directed towards a final end.
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Card 2

Front

Kant was a rationalist. What does that mean?

Back

He believes in reasoning to help us find the answer.

Card 3

Front

What is Good Will?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the Catagorical Imperative?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the Catagorical Imperatives?

Back

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