Kantian ethics?

What does Kant mean by duty?
Doing what we ought to do, the truth, obeying legitimate instructions, being truthful and doing good for others.
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Does Kant believe that we have free will?
Yes, and we must use it as well as we can, which means to will the good.
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Is Kant's theory teleological or deontological?
Deontological- it focuses on whether the action is good, not the outcome.
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What is the hypothetical imperative?
What we must do to achieve a particular goal. There is no requirement to follow this, but it is how we should act if we wish to achieve something.
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What is the categorical imperative?
That which our reason teaches us must always be done.
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What is the first form of the categorical imperative?
Act only on that maxim that you can will to be universal law.
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What is the second form of the categorical imperative?
Act as to treat persons always as ends and never as means only.
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What is the third form of the categorical imperative?
Act as to treat everyone, including yourself, as an end in the kingdom of ends.
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What are the three postulates of practical reason?
We are free beings. We are immortal. God exists
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What is the Summum Bonum?
The combination of perfect happiness and perfect goodness.
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Objection 1?
We cannot morally ignore the consequences of our actions with the claim that we are doing our duty.
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Objection 2?
Kant treats the ethical life as one too be determined by reason alone.
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Objection 3?
Our actions can be seen as 'cold charity'. The moral giver is not giving with pleasure, for that would not be truly virtuous.
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Objection 4?
Kant's attitude to the universe presupposes that it is a rational entity.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Does Kant believe that we have free will?

Back

Yes, and we must use it as well as we can, which means to will the good.

Card 3

Front

Is Kant's theory teleological or deontological?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the hypothetical imperative?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the categorical imperative?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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