Kantian ethics

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What is Kant's hypothetical imperative?
An action that achieves a goal or end; not universal. E.g If I want to lose weight, I should exercise.
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What is Kant's categorical imperative?
Commands to perform absolute actions - moral oblig. w/o ref. to ends, e.g I should always complete my homework.
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Name the first part of a categorical imperative.
Act only in a way that all people could do the same w/o problem.
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Name the second part of a categorical imperative.
Action must treat others as ends in themselves rather than means to ends.
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Name the third part of a categorical imperative.
The act should imagine we all act on the categorical imperative.
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What are the duties that W.D Ross created to counter criticisms of Kant?
Prima facie duties
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Name W.D Ross' seven Prima Facie duties
Fidelity, rep.for harm, gratitude, justice, beneficence, self-improvement, non-maleficence
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Name Kant's three postulates of practical reason
God, freedom + immortality
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What did Kant argue all ethical decisions needed to be based on?
Reason + absolute right/wrong
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What did Kant believe about human knowledge?
Not complete; of world as it appears to be, not as it really is
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What did Kant believe about structures/categories of thought?
Built into mind, structure = pre-programmed?
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What does Kant believe that practical reason does?
Looks at evidence + argument before deciding what needs to be done.
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What quote from Kant links w/ his belief that people are aware of their inner morality?
"Two things fill the find with ever increasing admiration...the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me."
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What was Kant's criticism of Descartes' "I think, therefore I am" statement on human knowledge?
Gives no info on what "I" is
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What are the three parts of practical reason acc. to Kant?
Freedom, duty, good will
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What did Kant think made an action truly good?
If it was done b/c it was morally right
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What did Kant believe made a person truly free?
The ability to exercise freedom (autonomy of the will)
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What did Kant believe duty needed to be done for in order to make it morally good?
Its own sake, regardless of beenfit
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What is the "Formula of the Law of Nature"?
Act only acc. to maxim where you can esnure that it becomes universal law.
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What is the "Formula of End in Itself"?
Act as to treat humanity...never solely as a means but always as an end.
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What is the "Formula of a Kingdom of Ends?"
Act as if a legislating member in the universal Kingdom of ends.
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Give one strength of Kantian ethics.
Clear criteria to assess morality
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Give one weakness of Kantian ethics.
System only works if everyone views purpose of humans the same way.
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Card 2

Front

What is Kant's categorical imperative?

Back

Commands to perform absolute actions - moral oblig. w/o ref. to ends, e.g I should always complete my homework.

Card 3

Front

Name the first part of a categorical imperative.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the second part of a categorical imperative.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name the third part of a categorical imperative.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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