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Hypothetical imperative
An action to achieve some goal or end
1 of 21
Categorical imperative
A command to perform actions that are absolute moral obligations without reference to other ends
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We know we have freedom because
we experience moral choice
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The good is like a jewel
its usefulness or fruitlessness can neither augment nor diminish this value
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People are aware of
a moral law within them
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First categorical imperative
To act only on maxims you can at the same time will to be universal laws
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Maxim
Principle behind an action
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Derek Parfitt's view?
Take the maxim, always give more to charity than is average - is laudable but cannot logically be universalised
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Humans alone are rational and so
Only humans can be held accountable for their actions
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Second moral principle
Treat people as ends in themselves not as a means to an end
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God is
a postulate of pure reason
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All humans desire
happiness
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All humans ought
to be moral and to do their duty
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The universe
is fair
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The Summum Bonum represents
the perfect coincidence of virtue and happiness
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Everyone seeks
the Summum Bonum
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The Summum Bonum is not
always achievable in this life
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So
It is necessary to postulate an afterlife
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Which means
It is necessary to postulate a God to guarantee fairness so that the virtuous and vice can receive justice
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TRUE OR FALSE God and the afterlife cannot be proven
TRUE
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What does postulate mean?
If you accept the principles put forward, it is necessary to believe in God
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Categorical imperative

Back

A command to perform actions that are absolute moral obligations without reference to other ends

Card 3

Front

We know we have freedom because

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The good is like a jewel

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

People are aware of

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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