Kant

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What is duty?
An act or course of action that is required by one of position, social custom, law or religion
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What shouldn't change duty?
Emotions
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What does duty distinguish between?
The things you have to do and the things you want to do
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What did Kant believe about duty?
It is important and you should do things just because it is your duty
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What did Kant say we are in a constant battle with?
Our inclinations
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What did Kant believe you should do if you identify something as incorrect?
You have the duty to make it correct
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What did W D Ross about conflicting situations?
You should work out what the most important duty is and do that
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What type of argument is Kantian ethics?
Deontological
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What did Kant say about good will?
It shines like a precious jewel
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Why did Kant believe we should do things?
Because it is our duty & we should do things out of good will
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What is a priori?
Knowledge that doesn't need to be verified
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What is a posteriori?
Knowledge that is only verified after an experience
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What are moral statements?
A priori
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What can experiences cause and what will this mean?
Emotions meaning you will act differently
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What is knowledge?
Absolute
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What did David Hume & A J Ayer believe about moral statements?
They are expressions of emotion
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What are hypothetical imperatives?
Optional things and how you do them
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Give an example of a hypothetical imperative
Wanting to lose weight so you stop eating fatty foods
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What are the Categorical Imperatives?
Things you have to do and how?
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What does Part 1 of the Categorical Imperatives say to do?
Act in a way which your act will become a universal truth (treat people as you wish to be treated)
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What is a maxim?
A rule made based on Part 1 that are rigid and absolute
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What does Part 2 of the Categorical Imperatives say to do?
Humans are the pinnacle of creation and should not be used as a means to an end
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Where does human value come from?
Being a reasonable, rational human being
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What does Kant say about the suffering of an individual people?
It can never be justified because a greater number of people benefit
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What did Peter SInger believe?
Specism- wants all people to be protected "a trained chimp has more worth than a retarded human"
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What does Part 3 of the Categorical Imperative say you have to do?
Act through your maxims a law making member in a kingdom of ends
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What does this mean?
If you make a universal law you have to go along with it even if someone else has broken it
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What does 'ought implies can' mean?
If you can do something you should do it but you shouldn't feel guilty if you can't
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What does morality point to?
The existence of God
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What does Summum Bonum mean?
Supreme good
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What shouldn't change duty?

Back

Emotions

Card 3

Front

What does duty distinguish between?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Kant believe about duty?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Kant say we are in a constant battle with?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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