Juries (AS Law)

Jury flash cards - hope they're helpful!

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Emma
  • Created on: 03-12-12 09:29
What four courts do Juries sit in?
Crown Court, High Court (Queen's Bench Division), County Court and Coroners' Court
1 of 27
How many jurors sit on a High Court case?
12
2 of 27
How many jurors sit on a County Court case?
8
3 of 27
What are the three basic qualifications of a juror?
Aged: 18-70, Registered to Vote, UK resident
4 of 27
What four reasons are someone disqualified permanently from jury service?
Imprisoned for life, imprisoned for public protection, serving an extended sentence, serving a term of imprisonment of five years or more
5 of 27
What four reasons is someone disqualified for ten years from jury service?
In the LAST TEN YEARS, has: Served a sentence of imprisonment, had a suspended sentence passed on them, had a community order, is on bail
6 of 27
Under which Act states that a mentally disordered person cannot sit on the jury?
Criminal Justice Act 2003 Schedule 1
7 of 27
Who has the right to be excused?
Members of the Armed Forces, Doctors, Pharmacists
8 of 27
Who can receive a discretionary excusal?
People who are pregnant, ill or booked holidays
9 of 27
After being chosen from a list of elector names, what happens?
Summon sent to the people and they must attend unless disqualified or excused.
10 of 27
Which case suggests checking the jurors' criminal record?
R v Mason (1980)
11 of 27
What are the three challenges can be given to the Jury? Who are these issued by?
Challenged; 'for cause': individual juror, defence/prosecution; 'to the array': whole jury, defence/prosecution; 'right to stand': whole jury - no reason, prosecution
12 of 27
What does 'to the array' mean? Which section of the Juries Act 1974 states it?
Challenge the whole jury, because of a bias or unrepresentative panel
13 of 27
What are the four criticisms of the selection of juries?
Use of the electoral register, disqualified jurors, excusals, prosecution's right of 'stand-by'
14 of 27
What does the jury decide in CIVIL CASES?
Whether the claimant has won or not, and then the amount of damages that should be paid
15 of 27
What does the jury decide in CRIMINAL CASES?
Whether the defendant was guilty or not guilty
16 of 27
What percentage of criminal trials are tried by jury?
(Less than) 1%
17 of 27
Which case effectively stopped the use of juries in personal injury cases?
Ward v James (1966)
18 of 27
Can police officers, judges and lawyers now serve on the jury?
Yes
19 of 27
Under which Act was the previous law abolished about ineligibility for jury service?
Criminal Justice Act 2003
20 of 27
How many jurors are allocated one, particular court?
15
21 of 27
What is the jury's role in CRIMINAL CASES? (When the defendant pleads guilty)
Jury decides the facts of the case, has the majority verdicts and has 'secrecy'.
22 of 27
What is direct acquittal? Which percentage of cases does this occur in?
The judge advises the jurors to acquit the case. It occurs in about 10% of cases
23 of 27
What are the five advantages of a jury trial?
Public confidence/democracy, jury equity/fairness, open justice of system, secrecy of the jury room, impartiality/not prejudiced.
24 of 27
Name nine disadvantages of a jury trail?
Perverse or unjustified decisions, secrecy of the jury, bias/prejudiced views, media influence, lack of understanding, fraud trials, jury tampering, high acquittal rates, OTHER - compulsory nature, emotional strain, slow and expensive,
25 of 27
Which disadvantages are specifically related to civil cases?
Unreasoned decisions, biased, cost
26 of 27
What are the alternatives to jury trials?
Trial by single judge, a panel of judges, a judge plus lay assessors, a mini-jury
27 of 27

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many jurors sit on a High Court case?

Back

12

Card 3

Front

How many jurors sit on a County Court case?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the three basic qualifications of a juror?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What four reasons are someone disqualified permanently from jury service?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

Tracey H

Report

babe this is so good thanks! ***

Similar Law resources:

See all Law resources »See all The Criminal courts and lay people resources »