June 2009

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Identify 4 requirements for participation in active leisure and recreation (4 marks)
Fitness, Ability, Resources, Time
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Explain how these 4 requirements restrict access for a specific target group (4 marks)
Lack of fitness for a sedentary person, insufficient equipment for people in lower socio economic groups, lack of free time for women with families
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Selecting two of the requirements for participation identify strategies that have been introduced in order to maximise participation (2 marks)
Fitness- wider variety of activities, Ability- taster sessions for begginers, Resources- cheap hire costs and better facilities, Time- creche and childcare available at different times
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Define health (1 mark)
" A complete state of physical and mental well being and not merely in the absence of disease "
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Define fitness (1 mark)
" The ability to meet the demmands of the enviroment without undue fatigue "
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Define exercise (1 mark)
" A physical activity that leads to a positive physiological adaption "
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Using examples explain how it is possible to be healthy without being fit and fit without being healthy (4 marks)
Healthy without being fit- Active middle aged who eats correctly may not meet the specific demmands of a specific sport. Fit without being healthy- sumo
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Define Basal Metabolic Rate (1 mark)
" The speed at which your body converts and uses calories and energy to fuel the activites that you undertake "
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Identify factors that could raise basal metabolic rate (3 marks)
Eating frequent meals, regular exercise, drugs, caffeine, increased muscle mass, enviroment and hormones (testosterone)
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Identify factors that could lower basal metabolic rate ( 3 marks)
Eating few large meals, age (over 30), starvation, sleep, becoming sedentary, loss of muscle mass
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Explain what is meant by 'core stability' (2 marks)
The ability of the muscles that make up the bodies core to stabilise movement (abdominals, lower back)
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Describe the benefits of core stability (2 marks)
Foundation for all other movement, stabilise the body and are the solid base of support, help to generate more forceful contractions
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Name 4 methods of stretching (3 marks)
Static stretching, ballistic stretching, dynamic stretching, PNF
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Describe static stretching (1 mark)
The muscle is taken to its current elastic limit and held in position
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Describe ballistic stretching (1 mark)
Momentum and bouncing of the body or limb in an attempt to force it beyond its normal range of movement
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Describe dynamic stretching (1 mark)
Involves stretching the muscle through a full range or momentum and gradually increasing reach and speed of movement
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Describe PNF stretching (1 mark)
Stretching techniques in which a muscle group is passively stretched and then contracts isometrically against resistance
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Explain how these 4 requirements restrict access for a specific target group (4 marks)

Back

Lack of fitness for a sedentary person, insufficient equipment for people in lower socio economic groups, lack of free time for women with families

Card 3

Front

Selecting two of the requirements for participation identify strategies that have been introduced in order to maximise participation (2 marks)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define health (1 mark)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define fitness (1 mark)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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