judiciary

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judiciary act
1789
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what article
article 3 section 1
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how many cases rejected
96%
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structure of court of appeals
1 in each 11 circuits, 1 in DC, 1 federal circuit court
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district court structure
1 in each of 94 districts
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name all justices
sotomayor, kagen, breyer, roberts, alito, kennedy, scalia, thomas, barder-gins
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how does justice get impeached
house impeach by a simple majority, senate then tries that justice needs 2/3 majority
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loose constructionalist
liberal in outlook, interpret const in loose fashion, favour federal over states, context of const
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strict constructionalist
conservative, strict and literal interpretation, original intent of F.F, favor states, text is supreme
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judicial activism
sees itself as leading the way in the reform of US society
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example of activist courts
warren and burger court such as brown v board and miranda v arizona
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it sees itself as
an equal partner with the legislative and executive branches, no need for court to be deferential
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judicial restraint
more inclined to accept what has gone before
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sees itself as
deferential to legislative and executive branches, as they are accountable to voters
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how many justice vacancies since 1789?
118
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where does president recruit from?
court of appeals, state courts, academia, executive branch, congress, state governors
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who was labelled 'qualified'
clarence thomas 1991
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how many senate rejections
12 since 1789. most recently robert bork by 42 votes to 58
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list of different chief justices
marshall, warren, burger, rehnquist, roberts
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marshall
1801-1835
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warren
1953-1969
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burger
1969-1986
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rehnquist
1986-2005
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roberts
2005
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ragen appointed rehnquist to
rein in the power of the supreme court
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how did supreme court find juducial review
1803 marbury v madison
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during 1980s, how did it use judicial review
declared 16 federal and 161 state laws unconstituional
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during 1940s how did it?
only 2 federal and 58 state unconstitutional
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freedom of religion
1962 engel v vitale, 1985 wallace v jeffree, 2008 mcreary v a.c.l.u
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rights of racial minorities
1954 brown v board of education, 1971 swann v charlotte-mecklenburg
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abortion rights
roe v wade 1973, 2007 gonzales v carhart
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right to bear arms
us v lopez 1995 and 2008 district colombia v heller
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capital punishment
furman v georgia 1972, atkins v virginia 2002, bee v rees 2008
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supreme court checking presidents power
us v nixon 1974, rasul v bush 2004 and hamden v rumsfeld 2006
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