Judiciary key terms

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Judicial review
Review by the Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
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Original intent
A theory in law concerning constitutional and statutory interpretation.
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Judicial activism
Refers to judicial rulings suspected of being based on personal or political considerations rather than on existing law.
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Judicial restraint
A theory of judicial interpretation that encourages judges to limit the exercise of their own power. It asserts that judges should hesitate to strike down laws unless they are obviously unconstitutional.
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Strict constructionism
Refers to a particular legal philosophy of judicial interpretation that limits or restricts judicial interpretation.
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Loose constructionism
One favouring a liberal construction of the Constitution of the U.S. to give broader powers to the federal government.
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Judicial power
Refers to the power of the Judicial Branch of the United States government to hear cases and interpret, enforce or nullify laws and statutes in order to render verdicts.
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Entrenched rights
These are legal rights which have a special status, so that they cannot be removed or curtailed by the ordinary process of changing the law.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A theory in law concerning constitutional and statutory interpretation.

Back

Original intent

Card 3

Front

Refers to judicial rulings suspected of being based on personal or political considerations rather than on existing law.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A theory of judicial interpretation that encourages judges to limit the exercise of their own power. It asserts that judges should hesitate to strike down laws unless they are obviously unconstitutional.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Refers to a particular legal philosophy of judicial interpretation that limits or restricts judicial interpretation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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