Judicial Review Cases

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Fletcher V Peck (States)
By the Supreme Court ruling in favour of Peck, they have implied that the Native Americans didn't have a right to their own land.
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McCulloch V Maryland (States)
The state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland. In Article I, Section 8, it gave the federal government the power to create
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Gibbons V Ogden (States)
It empowered the federal government and indicated a beginning of more expansion of congressional power.
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Brown V Board of education (States)
The Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. For some, it signalled the start of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, while for others, it represented the fall o
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Gideon V Wainwright (States)
Gideon appeared in court and requested to be given a lawyer, which he was denied. Florida Supreme Court and argued that the trial court's decision violated his constitutional right to be represented by counsel.
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Griswold V Connecticut (States)
A Connecticut law criminalizing the use of contraceptives violated the right to marital privacy. It essentially paved the road for the reproductive privacy and freedoms that are in place today.
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Loving V Virginia (States)
The Court ruled that state bans on interracial marriage were unconstitutional.
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Roe V Wade (States)
This decision legalized abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy. The court recognized for the first time that the constitutional right to privacy.
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Texas V Johnson (States)
Johnson's expression of burning the flag is protected and legal according to the United States Constitution. Johnson won the case because of the rights and liberties granted by the 1st Amendment to the United States Constitution.
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US V Morrison (States)
The United States Congress passed the Violence Against Women Act, which contained a provision for a federal civil remedy to victims of gender-based violence, even if no criminal charges had been filed against the alleged perpetrator of that violence.
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NFIB V Sibeleus (States)
The court upheld congress' power to enact most provisions of Obamacare (ACA), including a requirement for most Americans to have healthcare. The Court upheld the individual mandate, holding that it was a proper use of Congress’s Taxing Power.
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Shelby V Holder (States)
The Court ruled that Section 4(b) is unconstitutional because the coverage formula is based on data over 40 years old, making it no longer responsive to current needs and therefore a burden on the constitutional principle of federalism.
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Obergefell V Hodges (States)
The ruling meant that all fifty states must lawfully perform and recognize the marriages of same-sex couples on the same terms and conditions as the marriages of opposite-sex couples, with all the accompanying rights and responsibilities.
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Schechter v US (Executive)
A decision by the Supreme Court of the United States that invalidated regulations of the poultry industry according to the nondelegation doctrine and as an invalid use of Congress' power under the commerce clause.
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US V Nixon (Executive)
Supreme Court case which resulted in a unanimous decision against President Richard Nixon, ordering him to deliver tape recordings and other subpoenaed materials to a federal district court.
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Clinton V Jones (Executive)
Supreme Court case establishing that a sitting President of the United States has no immunity from civil law litigation, in federal court, against him or her, for acts done before taking office and unrelated to the office.
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Clinton V New York (Executive)
Ruled that the line-item veto violated the Presentment Clause of the Constitution because it impermissibly gave the President the power to unilaterally amend or repeal parts of statutes that had been duly passed by Congress.
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Rasul V Bush (Executive)
The Court held that foreign nationals held in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp could petition federal courts for writs of habeas corpus to review the legality of their detention.
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Hamdan V Rumsfeld (Executive)
Military commission to try Plaintiff is illegal and lacking the protections required under the Geneva Conventions and United States Uniform Code of Military Justice.
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Boumediene v Bush (Executive)
Foreign terrorism suspects held at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba have constitutional rights to challenge their detention in United States courts.
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NFIB V Sibeleus (Executive)
The court upheld congress' power to enact most provisions of Obamacare (ACA), including a requirement for most Americans to have healthcare. The Court upheld the individual mandate, holding that it was a proper use of Congress’s Taxing Power.
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NLRB v Noel Canning (Executive)
The Court unanimously ruled that the President cannot use his or her authority under the Recess Appointment Clause of the US Constitution to appoint public officials unless the Senate is in recess and not able to transact Senate business.
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US V Texas (Executive)
The judgment was affirmed by an equally divided court. Congress wouldn’t allow the president to use this program on immigration because it was challenged for being unconstitutional.
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Washington and Minnesota V Trump (Executive)
A lawsuit that challenged the lawfulness and constitutionality of Executive Order 13769, an executive order signed by Trump. The government did not meet its burden to justify a stay of an order preliminarily enjoining enforcement of the order.
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Marbury V Madison (Legislative)
Congress cannot pass laws that are contrary to the Constitution, and it is the role of the judiciary to interpret what the Constitution permits.
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Hammer V Dagenhart (Legislative)
Congress has no power under the Commerce Clause to regulate labour conditions.
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Schechter v US (Legislative)
Section 3 of the National Industrial Recovery Act was an unconstitutional delegation of legislative power to the Executive, and was not a valid exercise of congressional Commerce Clause power.
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US V Lopez (Legislative)
Possession of a handgun near school is not an economic activity nor has a substantial effect on interstate commerce, and therefore cannot be regulated by Congress.
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US V Eichman (Legislative)
The government’s interest in preserving the flag as a symbol did not outweigh the individual right to disparage that symbol through expressive conduct.
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US V Stevens (Legislative)
A federal statute criminalizing the commercial production, sale, or possession of depictions of cruelty to animals, was an unconstitutional abridgment of the First Amendment right to freedom of speech.
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Arizona V US (Legislative)
Arizona law enforcement may inquire about a resident’s legal status during lawful encounters, but may not implement its own immigration rules.
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NFIB V Sibelius (Legislative)
The Court upheld the individual mandate, holding that it was a proper use of Congress’s Taxing Power. The Court severed that portion of the Medicaid expansion that penalized States for not expanding Medicaid coverage.
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Citizens United v FEC(Legislative)
The provisions of the bipartisan campaign reform act restricting unions, cooperation’s, and profitable organisations from independent political spending and prohibiting the broadcasting of political media funded by them violate the first amendment.
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Snyder v Phelps (Legislative)
, Phelps argued that his speech was protected under the First Amendment. Speech on a matter of public concern, in a public place, cannot be the basis of liability for a tort of emotional distress.
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Card 2

Front

McCulloch V Maryland (States)

Back

The state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland. In Article I, Section 8, it gave the federal government the power to create

Card 3

Front

Gibbons V Ogden (States)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Brown V Board of education (States)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Gideon V Wainwright (States)

Back

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