Judaism Revision Cards

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  • Created by: padge_21
  • Created on: 03-05-18 17:45
Talmud
Oral laws and traditions passed down by Moses
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Tenakh
The hebrew bible consisting of the torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvium
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Rabbi
Jewish teacher or religious leader
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Yeshiva
Jewish school of Talmudic study
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Anointed
marked for greatness by divine power
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Gentiles
Non-Jews
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Messiah
the anointed one, the king sent from God
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Nevi'im
prophets - second part of the Tenakh
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Olam Ha-Ba (The world to come)
The messianic age and a spiritual after life following physical death
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Reed sea
scholars believe this could be the red sea
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Shavuot
Commemorates the anniversary of the day Gave gave the torah to the netire nation of Israel
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Teshuva
returning to God
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Halakah
the list of 613 Mitzvot which guide Jewish life
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Mitzah
singular of Mitzvot - rules which guide Jewish life
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Mitzvot
Commandments which set rules or guide actions
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Gan Eden
Garden of Eden
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Gehinnom
place for a set time of purification of the soul (/imiliar to purgatory)
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Who is the Almighty?
God
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How do Jews describe the Almighty?
Judge, Merciful, Lawgiver, Creator, Father
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Why do Jews believe that the Almighty is a Judge?
Jews believe God judges how well they keep ritual an moral laws
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Why do Jews believe that the Almighty is a Lawgiver?
God gave his gift of the Torah - the law of Moses
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Isaiah 33:22
'Hashem is our Judge Hashem is our Lawgiver Hashem is our King; he will save us
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Why do Jews believe that the Almighty is a Creator? Refer to a source of wisdom and authority
Many Orthodox Jews believe that God created everything in the universe. Liberal and Reform Jews belive that the creation story (Genesis 1) is metaphorical
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El
Another name for the Almighty meaning a powerful and mighty God
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Elohim
Another name for the Almighty - plural of El meaning that there is more to God than a single part
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El Shaddai
Another name for the Almighty meaning God Almighty
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Hashem
Another name for the Almighty meaning the name
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What is the purpose of having different names for the Almighty
Jews believe the non-physical nature of God makes him hard to describe but try to describe his different characteristics using different names
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What do Jews belive about God's name?
that it is too holy and should not be spoken outloud or written often
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Why are the different names of God important fo Jewish life today?
The names of the Almighty bring Jews closer to him,
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Shema
the most important prayer for Jews (similiar to Lord's Prayer), is commanded in the Torah and the main Jewish declaration of faith
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God is one
Impossible to divide God into parts or describe his charcteristics. Shema is recited twice of day which reinforces the importance of this belief
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Liberal and Reform Jewish beliefs about the Torah
the Torah should be understood as a document of its time and interpreted in the light of modern life. The torah is inspired by the Word of God
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Orthodox Jewish beliefs about the Torah
Following the commands of the Torah in a traditional sense. They believe the Torah is the literal word of God
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Tenakh

Back

The hebrew bible consisting of the torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvium

Card 3

Front

Rabbi

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Yeshiva

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Anointed

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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