Judaism-Beliefs and teachings

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Free Will
Belief that God gives people the opportunity to make decisions for themselves.
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Mitzvot
Jewish rules or commandments. There are 613 mitzvot.
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Mitzvot pt2
248 positive to match the bones in a human body 365 negative-number of days in a year.
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Mitzvot positive
Teach correct way to worship,to deal with family issues & behaviour in society.
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Mitzvoth negative
Stops the bond from God being damaged and tells people what not to do.
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Messiah- orthodox jews
in every generation there is a descendant of King David who has the potential to be a messiah.This person will rule over humanity with kindness and justice.He will uphold the law of the Torah and will be the ultimate teacher of it.
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Life after Death- Havdalah&Gan Eden
ceremony marking the end of shabbat.-paradise
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Life After Death-Sheol&Gehenna
A dark place where people went and stayed for eternity, thinking around this changed in the 2nd centuryBCEviewed as a place of waiting until the final judgment.-a place for the wicked after final judgement.
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The Nature of God
1.just 2.meciful(forgiving) 3.destroyer-Noah's ark 4.The law giver 5.transcendent(beyond the world) 6.immanent(god is present in the world)
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Promised Land & Covent- Abraham
The 1st covent between God & Abraham.Many Jews see the state of Israel as the promise land. Abraham is referred to as the father of Judaism.God told abraham to leave his home and go to cannon(promise land). God promised abraham(wife sarah) a child.
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PL&C-Abraham
He said he would protect them and their decedents-> in return God asked Abraham to obey him and lead by example. All male descendants need to be circumcized.
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Messiah
David Descent. Establishing Israel as the centre go government. Gathering the Jews from all corners of the earth. Restoring full obedience of the Torah bring peace to the whole world.
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Shekinah
Gods presence in the world. Used to describe Gods presence in the tabernacle(final wall in Jewish temple still standing Jews believe the Shekinah is still present-so they pray towards the wall. Jews believe the Shekinah is present when praying.
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Sancity of Life
Pikuach Nefesh is the principle that the preservation of human life takes precedence over anything else, this is because life is sacred.
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Pikuach Nefesh quotes
" Keep my decrees and laws, for the man who obeys them will live by them. I am The Lord." Leviticus 18:5 "I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Chose life so that you and your offspring shall live." Deuteronomy 30:19
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After Life
Souls survive after death.When the righteous will be resurrected and Jews returned to Israel
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Dietary Laws
Given at mount Siniad with 613 mitzvoth from God. Meat and dairy can't be eaten together. Meat should only be eaten from animals that have a clover hoof and don't chew the cud. Birds of pray can't be eaten. Only seafood with fins and scales.
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Dietary Laws
All food that you can eat is called Kosher. Trefah- not kosher, forbidden food.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Jewish rules or commandments. There are 613 mitzvot.

Back

Mitzvot

Card 3

Front

248 positive to match the bones in a human body 365 negative-number of days in a year.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Teach correct way to worship,to deal with family issues & behaviour in society.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Stops the bond from God being damaged and tells people what not to do.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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