J.S Bach - Partita No. 4 in D Sarabande and Gigue

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  • Created by: kxtiebxnd
  • Created on: 13-05-16 16:17
What instrument was the composition intended for?
While it's not stated, it appears to be written for a single manual harpsichord.
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What is the texture of the Sarabande?
It is almost entirely 2 part writing. The right hand plays the melody whilst the left hand plays the supporting part - melody dominated homophony.
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How is the beginning and end of the Sarabande strengthened?
By the addition of another part. The texture at the start is 3 part and at the end of the 1st section is 4 part.
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What can bar 2 of the Sarabande be described as?
Monophonic as only one note at a time is sounding.
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Describe the texture of the Gigue.
It's mainly 3 part writing with some fugal textures. The opening 6 bars are monophonic with just the fugue subject. The 2nd fugal entry beginning on the dominant produces a 2 part texture. The final entry in bar 17 gives a 3 part texture
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What is the structure of the Sarabande?
It's in rounded binary form with 2 main sections each to be repeated.
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What key does the A section of the Sarabande end on?
The dominant key, conventional for a major binary movement.
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What key does the B section of the Sarabande end on?
It returns to the tonic with reference to the A section, making the form rounded.
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What is the structure of the Gigue?
It's in ordinary binary form.
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What similarities does the Gigue have to the Sarabande?
The A section ends on the dominant, and the B section ends on the tonic, and there are rhyming endings although the final bar of section B is descending rather than ascending which makes for finality.
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What is the tonality of the piece?
It uses a major minor tonality, with modulations to closely related keys. The return to the tonic in the B section is via related keys in both movements - Bm and Em.
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What kind of harmony does Bach use?
Functional harmony - harmony which relies on perfect cadences & other standard chord progressions to establish and maintain major minor tonality.
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What cadence do both movements end with?
A perfect cadence
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What is the purpose of dissonance in the piece?
To create harmonic tension.
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Other than chords I, IV and V what chords are also seen?
Seventh chords are quite common, and there's a finished 7th with suspension over a tonic pedal in A before the final chord of the 1st half of the Sarabande.
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What is the purpose of the appoggiaturas?
They add tension in the closing bars of both sections of the Gigue.
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Describe the melody of the movements.
There's a lot of conjunct movement including some scalic runs in faster moving passages Disjunct movement is common as well and often involves the use of broken chords.
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What is there frequent use of in regards to melody?
Sequencing, & the systematic sequential use & repetition of short motifs is often know as fortspinninung which is German for spinning out of a melodic line.
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What metre is the Sarabande in?
Typical for this kind of dance, the Sarabande is in triple time with a slow beat.
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What characteristic of a Sarabande is shown in the rhythm?
The emphasis on the 2nd beat of the bar, clearly noticeable only in both bars oft he opening phrase.
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Describe the rhythm of the Sarabande.
There are frequent passages of steady continuous quavers in the left hand. The right hand usually has shorter notes with many semiquavers and demisemiquavers.
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How is syncopation shown in the Sarabande?
Quavers notably begin off the beat at bar 5.
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What metre is the Gigue in?
The Gigue is in compound triple time with three sets of three semiquavers per bar.
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Describe the rhythm of the Gigue.
There is almost constant semiquaver movement. This is commonly one part at a time with longer note values elsewhere.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the texture of the Sarabande?

Back

It is almost entirely 2 part writing. The right hand plays the melody whilst the left hand plays the supporting part - melody dominated homophony.

Card 3

Front

How is the beginning and end of the Sarabande strengthened?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What can bar 2 of the Sarabande be described as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the texture of the Gigue.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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