Joints and muscles

GCSE biology revision of Joints and muscles

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  • Created by: harry
  • Created on: 01-04-13 11:48
What is a joint?
Where two bones meet
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What is the main joint in the human body?
Synovial joint
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List the 5 parts of the synovial joint
Bone, Ligament, Cartilage, Synovial membrane and Synovial fluid
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What is the job of the ligament?
To hold the bones together
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What is the job of the Cartilage?
It is to stop the bones rubbing together and also as a shock absorber
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What is the job of the Synovial membrane?
It releases synovial fluid
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What is the job of the Synovial fluid?
To lubricate the joint
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Name two different kinds of joint
Ball and socket and hinge joint
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Describe a ball and socket joint
Can move in all directions and also rotate
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Describe a hinge joint
Can move backwards and forwards but not sideways
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What are muscles attached to bones with?
Tendons
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What are two muscles that come in pairs called?
Antagonistic pairs
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What happens to the lower arm when the bicep contracts?
The lower arm is pulled up
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What happens to the lower arm when the tricep contracts?
The lower arm is pulled down
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the main joint in the human body?

Back

Synovial joint

Card 3

Front

List the 5 parts of the synovial joint

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the job of the ligament?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the job of the Cartilage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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