Joints and movements

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Flexion
Narrowing the angle of the joint. Eg/ Elbow and knee
1 of 14
Extension
Increasing the angle of the joint.Eg/ Straightening the arm
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Abduction
Taking away from the mid line of the body. Eg/Shoulders and hip
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Adduction
Move closer to the mid-line of the body. Eg/ Shoulders and hip
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Rotation
Sideways movement. Eg/Neck, backhand in tennis
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Circumduction
Circular movement around a point.Eg/ Shoulder
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Plantar flexion
Point your toes downwards. Eg/ In dance; aesthetic appreciation
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Dorse flexion
Flexing your toes. Eg/ holding a stretch, catching ball with foot
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Pronation
Moving your wrist to face palm down. Eg/Swimming
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Supination
Turning palm upwards. Eg/ cricket catch
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Anatomical position
Universal starting position for describing movements
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Hyperextension
Increasing angle more than natural position
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Horizontal flexion
Moving arm forwards in horizontal plane
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Horizontal extension
Returning arm to the abducted position
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Extension

Back

Increasing the angle of the joint.Eg/ Straightening the arm

Card 3

Front

Abduction

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Adduction

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Rotation

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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