Japan Tsunami Restless Earth Case Study

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Why did Japan's Tsunami defences fail despite being tall enough?
Although the defences were ten metres high and the wave was also ten metres high, land had sunk by two metres so the wave could get over them.
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How many people -died -were injured -were missing as a result of the tsunami?
-16,000 dead, -5,900 injured, -3,600 missing
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How many buildings were destroyed by the Tsunami?
125,000
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How many people were left without electricity and how many were left without water?
4.5 million with no electricity and 1.5 million with no water as generators and power-stations were knocked out.
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Why did Japan's flat land mean the Tsunami was all the more severe?
The flat land meant the tsunami could travel for miles uninterrupted. This meant it reached more densely populated areas, meaning more deaths.
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What happened to the Fukushima nuclear power plant?
It exploded, leading to many more deaths
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How was the Tsunami caused?
At a destructive plate boundary, the Pacific Plate was being subducted under the Eurasian Plate. The tsunami was caused by the Eurasian Plate pushing up water.
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What were the immediate responses to the tsunami?
The emergency services helped to find injured/trapped people. The army helped to find trapped people, and also tried to clear up dead bodies to prevent disease. Other countries provided funds to repair damage.
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what were the long term responses to the tsunami?
Property/ infrastructure was rebuilt eg. railways,roads,housing- as they are important to the economy and socially. Defences were improved to minimise damage in future.
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What effects did the Tsunami have on the railway and when did the Tohoku Expressway reopen?
4 trains went missing (were washed out to sea), railway lines were damaged. The Tohoku Expressway reopened on 24th March 2011
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When did the Tsunami happen?
Friday 11th March 2011.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many people -died -were injured -were missing as a result of the tsunami?

Back

-16,000 dead, -5,900 injured, -3,600 missing

Card 3

Front

How many buildings were destroyed by the Tsunami?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many people were left without electricity and how many were left without water?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did Japan's flat land mean the Tsunami was all the more severe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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