Italian Unification - Chronology

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  • Created by: KAustria
  • Created on: 11-03-15 18:26
In what year did Napoleon invade Italy?
1796
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What was the Congress of Vienna? (4)
1. 1815 2. response to the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo 3. Austria is dominant in Italy 4. Restored Monarchs returned to power in their states.
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What had occurred in 1820-1?
Some nationalist revolutions had broken out in some states
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What does Mazzini form in 1831? (2)
1. Young Italy 2. Mazzini meets Garibaldi and inspires him.
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Why does Garibaldi go into exile in 1833?
He was sentenced to death for his part in a revolution in Piedmont.
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In what year did Pius IX become Pope?
1846
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What was the nickname given to Pope Pius IX?
The liberal king
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Where did revolutions break out in January 1848? Why? (2)
1. Sicily 2. to break away form Naples
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What is the significance of March 14th 1848?
Metternich resigns as chancellor of Austria
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What was 'The Five Days'? (2)
1. March 17th - 22nd 2. A revolution breaks our in Milan and Lombardy
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When did Venetia declare independence from Austria?
March 22nd 1848
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What was the republic of Venetia called?
Republic of St. Mark
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Who declares war on Austria on March 23rd 1848 and why? (2)
1. Charles Albert 2. To help Lombardy and Venetia
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What was the Allocution? (3)
1. Issued on April 29th 1848 2. The Pope stating he was against the revolutions 3. the Pope had no desire in being the leader of a unified Italy
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What turn occurs in June 1848? (1)
1. General Radetsky arrives back from Austria with an army of reinforcements.
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What happened on June 24th 1848? (2)
1. Charles Albert is defeated by Austria at the Battle of Custoza. 2. Charles Albert abdicates
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Why and when does the Pope flee from Rome? (3)
1. Pope's chief minister is murdered 2. Pope flees to Naples form Rome 3. November 1848
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When was the Roman Republic found?
February 1849
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Who is elected as head of the Triumvirate in Rome? (2)
1. Mazzini 2. March 1849
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When and what happened in the Battle of Novara? (2)
1. March 23rd 2. Charles Albert defeated by Austria
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When and why did the Rome Republic fall? (2)
1. July 3rd 1849 2. Defeated by French soldiers.
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Who is crowned as the new king of Piedmont in July 1849?
Victor Emmanuel II
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What happened to Venetia in 1849? (2)
1. August 1849 2. Venetia surrender after months of seige
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When did the Pope return to Rome?
April 12th 1850
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Who becomes the new Prime Minister of Piedmont in 1852?
Count Camillo di Cavour
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When does Napoleon III become the new Emperor of France?
December 1852
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When did the Crimean War break out?
1854
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How does Cavour respond to the Crimean War
Send troops to assist the war
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When did the Crimean War end?
1856
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How did Cavour benefit from the Crimean War? (2)
1. Gains a seat for Piedmont at the Paris Peace Conference 2. Is recognised by the big powers of Europe
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What happens to Napoleon III on January 14th 1858? (3)
1. Attempted assassination 2. Blow up 3. By Orsini - Italian nationalist
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What was the Plombieres meeting? (2)
1. July 21st 1858 2. Secret meeting attended by Cavour and Napoleon III
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What does Cavour do on January 1859?
Cavour makes an anti-Austrian speech
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How does Cavour provoke war against Austria? (2)
1. March 1859 2. Cavour mobilises the Piedmontese army
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When does Austria declare war on Piedmont?
April 29th 1859
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Where and when was the first battle in which Austria were defeated? (2)
1. Battle of Magenta 2. July 4th 1859
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Where and when was the second battle in which Austria were defeated? (2)
1. Battle of Solferino 2. July 24th 1859
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What was the Treaty of Villafranca? (4)
1. Made on July 11th 1859 2. Napoleon III makes peace with Austria 3. Completed behind Cavour's back 4. Marked the end of war
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How does Cavour respond to the treaty of Villafranca? (2)
1. July 1859 2. Cavour resigns in shame
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When does Cavour return as Prime Minister of Piedmont?
January 1960
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How does Cavour repay France for their 'support' in the war? (2)
1. Plans to give Savoy and Nice 2. Subject to the results of popular plebiscites
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When does Garibaldi arrive in Sicily?
May 11th 1860
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What happened in Sicily in July 1860? (2)
1. Garibaldi defeats army of Naples 2. Becomes dictator of Sicily
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Where does Garibaldi cross from Sicily to get to Naples?
Straits of Messina
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When does Garibaldi become dictator of Naples?
September 18th 1859
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How does Cavour respond to Garibaldi's advancement to the Papal states in September 1860?
Cavour sends an army led by Victor Emmanuel II to invade the Papal states before Garibaldi.
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What happens on October 26th 1860? (2)
1. Garibaldi and Victor Emmanuel II meet in Teano 2. Garibaldi hands over his gained souther territories.
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When is Victor Emmanuel II declared king of Italy?
March 1861
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When does Cavour die?
June 1861
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When was Garibaldi first attempt to capture Rome?
August 1861
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What happened to Garibaldi in his first attempt to capture Rome? (2)
1. Wounded 2. Captures at Aspromonte
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When does the French garrison leave Rome?
1866
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Who is involved in the Seven Weeks' War?
Austria and Prussia
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When did the Seven Weeks War start?
24th June 1866
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What happened on July 3rd 1866?
Austria defeated in the Battle of Sadowa
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How does Italy receive Venetia? (3)
1. August 1866 2. Peace of Prague 3. Venetia given to Piedmont through France
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What happened in Garibaldi's second expedition to capture Rome? (2)
1. 1867 2. Captured and defeated
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When did the French garrison return to Rome?
1867
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When does the Franco-Prussian war start?
July 1870
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Why did the French garrison leave Rome? (2)
1. France were heavily defeated by Prussia 2. Garrison leave Rome to defend France
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When and where was Napoleon in 1870? (2)
1. September 1st 1870 2. Battle of Sedan
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How didGaribaldi respond to the Franco- Prussian war?
Garibaldi goes to fight for France
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When did the government of Italy capture Rome?
September 20th 1870
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When did Rome become the official capital of Italy?
October 1870
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the Congress of Vienna? (4)

Back

1. 1815 2. response to the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo 3. Austria is dominant in Italy 4. Restored Monarchs returned to power in their states.

Card 3

Front

What had occurred in 1820-1?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does Mazzini form in 1831? (2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why does Garibaldi go into exile in 1833?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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