issues + debates ; idiographic + nomothetic approaches

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- idiographic approach
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attempts to do what?
describe nature of individual
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people studies as unique entities each with own?
subjective experiences / motivations / values
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no attempt to do what with these people?
compare to larger group / standard / norm
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idographic approach is generally associatied with methods that produce what kind of data?
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such as?
case studies / unstructured interviews / other self-report
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reflects on eof central aims of ideographic research which is to
describe richness of human experience and gain insight into person's unique way of viewing world
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- nomothetic approach
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main aim is to produce?
general laws of human behaviour
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provide benchmark against which people can be?
compared / classified / measured
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and on basis of which future behaviour can be?
predicted / ctrlled
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nomothetic approach most closely aligned with those methods that would be regarded?
scientific like experiments
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these involve study of large numbers ppl in order to establish what?
ways in which ppl r similar
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- examples of idiographic approach
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which approach is best example?
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what kind of approach did rogers and maslow take in studying humans?
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and were only interesting in documentign what?
conscious experience of individual
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in describing selves as anti-scientific they were more concerned with investigating what?
individual experience ;on its own merits'
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why psydy often labelled idiographic?
freud used case studies bare
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but also assumed he had identified what?
universal laws of behaviour and personality development
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- examples of the nomothetic approach
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tends to be feature of those that are?
reductionist / determinist
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and employ what in investigating?
scientific methods
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hypotheses formed tested under ctrlld condts and findings?
generated from large numbers ppl and analysed for stat significance
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much rsrch conducted by which 3 approaches would meet this criteria?
behav / cog / bio
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e.g skinner and behaviourists studied bare rats to do what?
develop laws of learning
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cogs infer structure and processes of human memory by doing what?
measuring performance of large samples ppl in lab tests
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biopsychs conduct brain scans why?
make generalisations about localisation of function
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in each case hypotheses are?
rigorously tested / analysed
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and what are proposed / developed?
general laws / principles
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all of which key features of?
nomothetic approach
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:) idiographic
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in-depth and wualitiative so provides?
global account of individual
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may compliment nomothetic approach by?
shedding further light on general laws or challenging them
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like single case study can do what?
generate hypotheses for further styd
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like hm findings that may reveal?
important insights about normal functioning
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:( ideographic
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much still recognise what nature of work?
narrow and restricted
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one freud criticism is that many key concepts largely developed from?
detailed study of single case, that goddamn little hans
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meaningful generalisations cannot be made without further examples why?
no adequate baseline to compare
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all idiographic methods also tend do be least scientific why?
conclusions often rely on subjective interpretation of researcher and there4 open 2 bias
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:) nomothetic
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process tends to be more scientific why?
standardised conts / data w/ group avgs / stat analysis
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such processes enabled psychologists to establish?
norms of ;typical behaviour
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arguably giving psych greater?
scientific cred
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:( nomothetic
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preoccupation with laws / prediction / ctrl accused of?
'losing the whole person'
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knowing theres a 1% lifetime risk of dev sz tells little baout?
what life's like for someone that actually has it
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similarly in lab studies pps treated as set of scores rather than?
individual people
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and what is ignored?
subjective experience
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this means in search for generalities nomothetic may sometimes overlook?
rich human experience
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- complimentary > contradictory
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like in gender there have been attempts to establish general patterns with?
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but also case studies like?
david reimer
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goal of modern psychology is now to do what?
provide rich detailed descriptions of human behaviour as well as explanation of such behaviour within framework of general laws
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- idiographic approach



Card 3


attempts to do what?


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Card 4


people studies as unique entities each with own?


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Card 5


no attempt to do what with these people?


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