Issues and debates

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  • Created by: lpilgrim
  • Created on: 08-03-17 11:32
What is meant by gender bias?
The differential treatment or representation of men and women based on stereotypes rather than real differences
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What is androcentrism?
Centred or focussed on men, often to the neglect of women
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What is alpha bias in gender bias?
A tendency to exaggerate differences between men and women.
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What is an example of alpha bias in gender bias?
Freud's research - reflected the culture he lived in where men were seen as more powerful. Failed masculinity
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What is Beta bias in gender bias?
A tendency to ignore or minimise differences between men and women
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What is an example of beta bias in gender bias?
Fight or flight response - nothing done on women due to complex hormones - Taylor found the tend to befrend response
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Give 4 evaluative points for gender bias
Feminist psychology (trainign for women to become better leaders), Research bias (Darwin), Researcher bias (gender), Research support (ASCH)
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What is meant by cultural bias?
Making assumptions of other cultures based on knowledge and findings of your culture
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What is alpha bias in cultural bias?
Real differences between a culture > Japan and USA conformist disagreements
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What is beta bias in cultural bias?
No differences > IQ tests written in the west cannot be used in the east
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What is meant by ethnocentrism?
Seeing views from ourselves/social group
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What is alpha bias in ethnocentrism?
One culture is considered better so beliefs are devalued (dependence and independence)
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What is beta bias in ethnocentrism?
Psychologists believe own world view is the only view > IQ test
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What is meant by cultural relativism?
Behaviour cannot be judged unless it is viewed in the culture > respect
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What is alpha bias and beta bias in cultural relativism?
Alpha - real diff. Mead recognised differences in gender but was biological. Beta - Mental illness on the S.I (schiz)
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Give 4 evaluative points for cultural bias
Indigenous psych (afrocentrism), Research bias (66%), World wide psych community (More travel), Consequences (IQ)
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Card 2

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What is androcentrism?

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Centred or focussed on men, often to the neglect of women

Card 3

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What is alpha bias in gender bias?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an example of alpha bias in gender bias?

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Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What is Beta bias in gender bias?

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