Islam (Key Words)

  • Created by: zeenia.13
  • Created on: 30-11-18 16:50
Adalat
The concept of justice in Sh’ia Islam.
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Adam
One of the prophets of Allah, the father of mankind. He built the Kab’aa
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Allah
The Islamic name for God.
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Akhirah
Belief in life after death.
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Angels
They are spiritual beings created from elements of light. They gave Gods messages to the prophets and watch over humans.
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Authority
As the direct Word of Allah, the Qur’an has supreme authority. This means its truths must be believed and its commands obeyed.
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Benificience
Literally ‘doing good’. One of the 99 Beautiful Names of Allah, it refers to the generosity that Allah shows to humans.
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Day of Judgement
The day when Allah will decide about individual deeds, good and bad, and on reward or punishment
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Fairness
This refers to Allah’s justice. He treats all humans equally and as they deserve.
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The Five Pillars
The Five Pillars observed by Sunni Muslims which support Islam by encouraging the development of good character, attitude and behaviour. These are shahadah, salah, zakah, sawm and hajj.
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Five roots of Usad ad-Din
The foundations of the faith in Shi’a Islam. They consist of five key beliefs: Tawhid(the Oneness of Allah), Adalat (justice), prophethood (nubuwwah), imamate (leadership).
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Friday prayer
Jummah. Friday prayers in the mosque, where a sermon (khutbah) is heard
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The Gospel
The term means ‘good news’ and it is the good news about Isa (Jesus), one of the prophets of Islam. It was written down by his disciples.
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Greater jihad
This refers to the duty of every Muslim to live a good life, staying faithful to the beliefs and obeying the commands of Islam.
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Heaven
Referred to by Muslims as paradise. It is Allah’s reward after death to those who have been faithful to Allah and who have repented of their sins.
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Hell
It is a place of great suffering after death for those who have rejected the Qur’an’s teachings and have led a wicked life. For some it will last forever.
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Human accountability
The belief that everyone must take responsibility for their actions and will be questioned about them on the Day of Judgement.
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Human freedom
Humans have control over their thoughts, feelings and actions.
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Human responsibility
Humans are responsible for most of what they do because they have free will and so will be accountable on the Day of Judgement.
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Ibrahim
One of the prophets of Allah. He rebuilt the Ka’aba (after it was
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The imamate
It means ‘leadership’ and refers in Shi’a Islam to the twelve imams who succeeded Muhammad as the leaders of Islam.
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Immanence
The belief that Allah is close to humanity and involved in the world.
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Islam
- The name of the religion followed by Muslims. - To surrender to the will of God. - Peace.
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Jibril
The most important of the angels and spoke with many of the prophets of Allah. Jibril dictated the Qur’an to Muhammad. On Judgement Day he will assist with the weighing of a person’s deeds.
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Jihad
To struggle’. It refers to the effort made to obey Allah.
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Justice
Bringing about what is right, fair, according to the law or making up for a wrong that has been committed.
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Life After Death
Akhirah. Muslims believe that death is not the end.
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Makkah
The city where Muhammad was born. The spiritual centre of Islam, it is in Saudi Arabia.
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Mercy
One of Allah’s 99 Beautiful Names. It refers to Allah’s willingness to forgive the sins of those who repent.
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Mika’il
One of the most important angels. He gives spiritual and material help to humans. On Judgement Day he will assist with the weighing of a person’s deeds.
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Muslim
One who has submitted to the will of Allah and has accepted Islam.
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Muhammad
The last and greatest of the prophets of Allah. He received the Qur’an and his Sunnah and Hadiths are also important sources of authority.
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The Night of Power
The name for the night on which Muhammad received the first revelations of the Qur’an.
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Omnipotence
One of the 99 Beautiful Names of Allah. It refers to Allah’s ability to do anything.
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Oneness of God
Tawhid. It refers to the unity of Allah. Islam is a monotheistic religion.
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Predestination
This is the idea that everything that happens has been decided already by Allah.
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Risalah
The channel of communication with God. Three prophets are set for study: Adam, Ibrahim and Muhammad. (Known as Prophethood)
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The Psalms
Sacred prayers/poems written by King Dawud (David) who was himself a prophet of Allah.
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The Q’uran
The Holy Book revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by the angel Jibril. Allah’s final revelation to humankind. Means recite/recitation.
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Recitation
Acts of reciting from memory texts from the Qur’an.
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Resurrection.
After death, all people will be raised from the dead to face Allah’s judgement. This is a physical resurrection.
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Revelation
Allah shows his nature and his will to believers through the words of the Qur’an.
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The Scrolls of Ibrahim
These were individual revelations to Ibrahim that were written on parchment but have perished. They were given on the first day of Ramadan and consisted of stories.
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The Shahadah
Muslim declaration of faith. It is a statement of faith in Allah as the only God and in Muhammad as Allah’s prophet. The 1st of the Five Pillars for Sunni Muslims. In Shi’a Islam it is not a separate Pillar and it has two additional statements relati
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Sh’ia Islam
Muslim declaration of faith. It is a statement of faith in Allah as the only God and in Muhammad as Allah’s prophet. The 1st of the Five Pillars for Sunni Muslims. In Shi’a Islam it is not a separate Pillar and it has two additional statements relati
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Surah
A division (chapter) of the Qur an. There are 114 in the whole book.
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Sunni Islam
Muslims who believe in the successorship of Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali.
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Tawhid
The oneness and unity of Allah. Islam is a monotheistic religion.
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The Ten Obligatory Acts
These are requirements for Shi’a Muslims. They include salah, sawm, zakah, hajj and jihad (duties also for Sunni Muslims) but the final five are not part of the Sunni tradition.
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The Torah
This was given by Allah to Musa (Moses), who was a prophet of Allah. It was given on Mt. Sinai.
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Card 2

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One of the prophets of Allah, the father of mankind. He built the Kab’aa

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Adam

Card 3

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The Islamic name for God.

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Card 4

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Belief in life after death.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

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They are spiritual beings created from elements of light. They gave Gods messages to the prophets and watch over humans.

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