Islam Core Beliefs/Special Days + Pillgrimages

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What does Islam mean?
peace and submission to Allah
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What is a Khalifa?
steward or custodian (of the earth)
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What can Muhammad's migration from makkah to yathrib be called?
Hijrah
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What is shirk?
association with god, most serious sin that a muslim can commit
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What is Tawhid?
belief in the oneness of Allah
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Why are the 99 names of Allah important?
show the qualities/atributes of God, but ALLAH is the only name that represents his ESSENCE
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What is God's nature?
-allah did not leave people, he gave them prophets and the qu'ran to guide them -mercy and compassionate
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What A is the first thing a baby hears?
adham
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What is the last thing a muslim should hear?
shahaddah
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How was the message of Islam delivered (3 things)
angels, holy books, messengers/prophets
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ANGELS ARE
immortal, genderless, without sin, no free will, have wings
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What angel revealed the qu'ran for allah to muhammad?
angel jibril
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What is Shari'ah law?
set of laws that muslims must adhere to (mostly about Qu'ran and the fact it is the same word for word for centuries, muhammad memorised it and it is the literal word of God)
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What is Akhirah?
Arabic word for everlasting life after death- consists of the last day, day of judgement and heaven/hell
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what is the difference between humans and animals?
intellect, the fact that humans know they are going to die
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Is life a test?
Yes! Eternal life is much more important than their life on earth
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What is tested when Muslims are on earth?
CHARACTER, REACTION TO MISFORTUNE, REACTION TO GOOD FORTUNE, WAY OF LIFE
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WHAT IS THE BOOK OF DEEDS?
two angels writing down every deed everyone has done in a book and it will be handed to that individual on the day of judgement
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What are the stages of the afterlife?
Barzakh, end of the world (!), day of judgment, eternal afterlife
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Why is Muhammad so important to Muslims?
He is important in Islam as he is in the shahaddah, he was the seal of the prophets, he delievered the Qu'ran, guid for moral and spiritual development, he was human so he shows people anything is possible, it says to love prophets int he quran
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When was Muhammad born?
570ce
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Why was he sent to the desert in childhood?
his father died and his mother wanted him to live in a clean and pure environment
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At what age did Allah reveal the first revelations to him?
aged 40 (610ce)
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What is the night of this first revelation known as now?
The night of power
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What was the first thing Jibirl said to him?
READ or PROCLAIM
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Why couldnt he do that?
he was illeterate :(
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What happened at the begining of the mircale of words of Allah?
Muhammad's heart BURSTING and him suddenly started uttering and reciting the revelation repeatledly
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Why is HIjrah imporant to Muslims?
marks the begining of the muslim calendar in 622
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What city is known as the city of light?
YATHRIB
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How was Islam established?
rights were given to everyone and there was equality as only allah could judge them and muslims were united in this oneness of God
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When did Muhammad die?
632 ce :(
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where did muhammad do his last speech?
on mount mercy
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Why shouldnt people be sad of his death according to AbU bAKR
as muhammad was only a prophet and lvied and died, but allah is always living and never dies. "Muhammad is no more than an apostle"- qu'ran quote there
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What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
Shahahda, Salah, Zakah, Sawm, Hajj
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What does Jihad mean?
struggle
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what is greater jihad?
the greater struggle is one that every Muslim man and woman encounters everyday. the struggle to live as a good muslim everyday. Personal struggle felt by all muslims
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What is lesser jihad?
doesnt apply to everyone, struggle of a community, to remove evil in society
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SALAT UL JUMU'AH
FRIDAY PRAYERS, MOST IMPORTANT DAY, means day of gathering, celebration not discipline
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what month is sawm in?
RAMADAM, 9th MONTH
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WHY IS RAMADAM IMPORTANT?
quran was revealed during fasting, get disciplined and get closer to allah, gates of heaven are open (you do good you get good), unmah is strenghtened, test the faith,
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Why go on Hajj?
One of the 5 pillars, help them understand religious teachings better, closer to Allah, meet likeminded muslims, strengthens faith,everyone is equal to allah
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How long does the hajj take?
6 days, 8-13th during the 12th month, dhul hajj
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what is ihram?
white unstiched clothing, represents purity, makes everyone the same, everyones equal, also the state of which a person is in during this time
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What is the hajj schedule?
MECCA, MINA, ARAFAT, MOUNT MERCY, MUZDALIFAH
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WHAT IS THE MOVEMENT AROUND THE KABAH KNOW AS
TAWAF
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what are the two hills muslims run between called?
SAFA AND MARWAH
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Is pilgrimage just about sticking to the schedule?
NO it is not allabout a literal journey, but a pilgrims mental attitude before and after the actual trip- hajj helps confront evil
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what happens at mina?
stone the devil
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What is id-ul-adha
remebers ibrahmin and isaac and the commitment to islam, sacrifice a cow, mst be considered perf to the family, keep 1/3 give awway the rest to charity and what not
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What does id mean
festival
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What is id-ul-fitr?
festival at the end of ramadam, break of the fast, ID MUBARAK, party, money and gifts are exchanged, dress in best clothes, attend id prayer, visit the graveyard
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Why celebrate mawlid an nabi?
Muhammad's b'day! 12th day on the 3rd month of the year, large street processions, carnival-esque, homes/mosques decorated, eat good food, spend time with friends and family,
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Card 2

Front

What is a Khalifa?

Back

steward or custodian (of the earth)

Card 3

Front

What can Muhammad's migration from makkah to yathrib be called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is shirk?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Tawhid?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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