Iran

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  • Created by: katewells
  • Created on: 11-05-16 17:08
When was there a revolution in Iran in Tehran?
16th January 1979
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Which leader fled after the revolution?
The Shah
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Which leader was still in Paris but vowed his return to form an Islamic government?
Ayatollah Khomeini
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Who did Khomeini rule with?
Mullahs
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When did people take to the streets to cheer on Khomeini but denounce the Shah?
11th December 1979
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In 1951 which Prime Minister nationalised Iran's oil industry?
Mussadeq
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Why did the nationalisation of Iran's oil industry upset the British?
They had been in control of its oil through Anglo-Iranian oil company
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What did Mussadeq want the monarchy to have?
Limited powers
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When did Shah overthrow Mussadeq and how?
In August 1953 using a military coup with help of CIA and MI6
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What was the main reason for USA and Britain helping the Shah?
Safeguards to oil supplies
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How could people tell that USA had a large influence over the Shah?
He began to import large quantities of american food stuffs
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Why did the Shah's attempt for land reform fail?
In order to modernise the rural areas he had to redistribute the land between peasants which failed to give them enough to support their families
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What were the benefits of the Shah's health reforms?
Increase in the number of doctors nurses and hospital beds
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What were the failures of the Shah's health reforms?
Iran had one of the worst infant mortality rates and doctor-patient ratio until 1970
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How did the Shah's attempt to modernistation impact on the distribution of income?
It became more unequal
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How did Educational reforms fail?
Did not make significant reductions in high levels of adult illiteracy or alter the low proportion of population in higher education
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How was Iran's military developed?
Had 5th largest army in the world and the largest the Persian Gulf and the largest air force in Western Asia
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Who did the Shah choose in 1953 as ministers in parliament?
People who were agreeable to him
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When did the Shah make a one party state and what did it declare?
1975, the existence of the new resurgence party who were enemies of the Shah
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What was introduced in 1976?
A new imperial calendar which supplanted the muslim calendar as the year changed from 1355-2535
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What new intelligance service was established in 1957?
The SAVAK
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What did SAVAK expand to in 1963?
An organisation of 5,000 agents
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What was the SAVAKS role?
To act as the eyes and ears of the Shah and impose censorship and screen government/university appointments
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What did the Shah relax in 1977?`
Police controls, causing an unleash of an unstoppable wave of mass protests
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Who was Ayatollah Khomeini?
A leading Musilm cleric, scholar and keen political activist
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Why had Khomeini been forced into exile in 1964?
For undermining the Shah with his preaching and writing
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Why had Khomeini been critical of the Shah?
For his willingness to submit to foreign influence
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What was Khomeini's aims?
To set up and Islamic government and concentrate on the issues that would gain him support
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What did Khomeini do whilst he was in exile in France?
Direct the final stages of the revolt of the Shah (he would not return unless he had left)
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When did Khomeini return to Iran?
1st February 1980
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How many people welcomed Khomeini's return?
3 million
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What happened of the following 10 days of Khomeini's return?
The Pahlavian dynasty was confirmed
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which leader fled after the revolution?

Back

The Shah

Card 3

Front

Which leader was still in Paris but vowed his return to form an Islamic government?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who did Khomeini rule with?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did people take to the streets to cheer on Khomeini but denounce the Shah?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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