Introduction to Orthopaedics & Fractures - BM5 NLM1

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1. Which of the following are localised variables that influence fracture healing?

  • Bone loss, location & underlying pathology
  • HIV, NSAIDS & degeneration
  • Blood supply, age & obesity
  • Extent of trauma, contamination & diabetes
1 of 20

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2. What is a comminuted fracture?

  • A fracture in which the bone fragments into several pieces
  • A fracture at a right angle to the bone's axis
  • A fracture in which the two ends are driven into each other
  • A fracture in which the break has a curved or sloped pattern

3. What is a displaced fracture?

  • The bone breaks but there is no puncture or open wound in the skin
  • The bone snaps into two or more parts and moves so that the two ends are not lined up
  • The bone cracks either part or all of the way through, but does move and maintains its proper alignment
  • The bone breaks and is in communication with the environment through the skin

4. How many types of fracture are there in the Salter-Harris classification?

  • III
  • IV
  • V
  • VI

5. What are the two main types of bone in a long bone?

  • Cancellous & Diaphysial
  • Cortical & Cancellous
  • Cortical & Epiphysial
  • Epiphysial & Diaphysial

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