Introduction to cognitive Psychology - Memory

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  • Created by: Nicole
  • Created on: 15-09-13 18:27
Memory
Is the process by which we retain information about events that have happened.
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3 Processes involved in memory...
Encoding, Storage, Retrieval
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Two main Types...
Short Term Memory and Long Term Memory
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Short Term Memory (AKA - STM)
A temporary store where small amounts of information can be kept for periods. It is a fragile store and information can be easily lost.
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Long Term Memory (AKA - LTM)
A permanent store where limitless amounts of information can be easily stored for long periods of time.
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Capacity
The amount of information that can be held in memory at any one time.
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Duration
The length of time that memories can be held
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Encoding
The way in which information is represented in the memory store e.g sound, meaning or image.
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Displacement
A type of forgetting where the items currently in the limited capacity (STM) are pushed out before being transferred to LTM to make room for incoming items.
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Interference
A type of forgetting where information stored in LTM is confused with similar information. A type of forgetting that occurs in LTM
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Encoding, Storage, Retrieval

Back

3 Processes involved in memory...

Card 3

Front

Short Term Memory and Long Term Memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A temporary store where small amounts of information can be kept for periods. It is a fragile store and information can be easily lost.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A permanent store where limitless amounts of information can be easily stored for long periods of time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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