Introduction to Social Psychology II

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What is social cognition?
The process behind our social interactions. It analyses the steps in people's train of thought about other people.
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What are some of the things that social cognition is concerned with?
Our knowledge of people/ our social world, such as how we infer facts about them, how we predict their behaviour and how we react in return.
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What is the expectancy confirmation bias?
We see only what we expect to see, and ignore other non-confirming information.
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How can the expectancy confirmation bias affect how we see others?
We may believe that a person's behaviour is caused by who they are, and not the situation they're in.
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How can the expectancy confirmation bias be unknowingly enhanced?
We seek out information that supports our initial response.
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What can influence object and person perception (3)?
Prior expectancies, beliefs and expectancies.
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What is naive realism?
The failure to see how we subjectively arrive at the conclusions we draw about others.
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How does the mind operate via prediction?
Perception is a process of active construction. What we perceive is constantly being compared to prior expectancies to "fill in the gaps."
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How did Hastorf & Cantrill (1954) illustrate how perceiver subjectivity affects person perception?
The supporters of a team that were injured in a game said there were more incidents of foul play than the other supporters. The same people can be perceived differently by different observers with different beliefs/ expectancies.
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How does the Halo effect illustrate how perceiver subjectivity affects person perception?
Our belief that positive goes with positive means that we often see attractive people as being "good" and unattractive people as being "bad"
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What determines causal perception?
Where one's attention is directed within the environment, and the attention is affected by what information is salient.
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What is a consequence of perceptually salient information?
It is over-represented in subsequent causal explanations.
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Why is negative information more salient?
It is a threat, and often occurs less frequently.
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Card 2

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What are some of the things that social cognition is concerned with?

Back

Our knowledge of people/ our social world, such as how we infer facts about them, how we predict their behaviour and how we react in return.

Card 3

Front

What is the expectancy confirmation bias?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How can the expectancy confirmation bias affect how we see others?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How can the expectancy confirmation bias be unknowingly enhanced?

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