INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

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  • Created by: samsh
  • Created on: 01-06-16 11:14
what does empirical formula mean?
the simplest whole ratio number of each atoms in one molecule.
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What is molecular formula?
the actual number of atoms of each element in one molecule.
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what is general formula?
the simplest algebraic way of representing the formula of a molecule.
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What is skeletal formula?
shows the bond and angles of the carbon skeleton only.
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What is displayed formula?
shows all the atoms and all the bonds in a molecule.
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What is structural formula?
the simplist way of showing the arrangement of atoms in a molecule.
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What is a a functional group?
is an atom or group of atoms which, when present in different molecules, causes them to have similar chemical properties.
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what is the definition of homologous series?
a family of moilecules which all contain the same functional group, but each successive member differs by CH2
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what is a hydrocarbon?
a compund that contains only carbon and hydrogen.
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what is a halogenalkane?
they contain one or more halogen atoms
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what is an alcohol?
contain one or more hydroxyl group
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what is an aldehyde?
Have a corbonyl group on the end of the carbon chain.
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what is a carboxylic acid?
contain a carbonyl group and hydroxyl group on the same carbon
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what is an amine?
have a NH2 group as a alkyl branch
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what is a nitrile?
have a C(triple bond)N named as an alkane.
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what is the definition of structural isomers?
compounds with the same molecular formula but different structure/structural formula.
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what is the definition of chain isomerism?
compounds with the same molecular formula but with a different arrangement of the carbon skeleton.
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what is the definition of position isomerism?
a compound that have the same molecule formula but with different functional group in a different postion.
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what is functional group isomerism?
Compound with the same molecular formula but with the atoms arranged into functional groups.
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What is stereoisomerism?
two molecules with the same structural formula but the atoms/bonds are arranged differently in space.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is molecular formula?

Back

the actual number of atoms of each element in one molecule.

Card 3

Front

what is general formula?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is skeletal formula?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is displayed formula?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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