Introduction to Organic Chemistry

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  • Created by: MGB2015
  • Created on: 04-10-15 19:30
Organic Chemistry
The chemistry of carbon compounds (except carbonates and oxides of carbon)
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Catenate
Ability to form long chains
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Molecular formula
Number of each element in one molecule of the coumpound
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Structural formula
Shows how the atoms are joined up
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Displayed formula
All of the bonds in the molecule as individual lines. Each line represents a pair of shared electrons
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Methane
One carbon, four hydrogens
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Ethane
Two carbons, six hydrogens
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Propane
Three carbons, eight hydrogens
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Meth...
1 Carbon
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Eth...
2 Carbons
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Prop...
3 Carbons
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But...
4 Carbons
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Pent...
5 Carbons
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Second part of the name
Tells you if there are any carbon carbon double bonds and any other functional groups
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-ane
Hydrocarbons with no double bonds
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-ene
Hydrocarbons with one double bond
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-yne
Hydrocarbons with a triple bond
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Side chains
The chain is branched
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Position of side chains
In the longest carbon chain; indicated by numbering such that the name has the smallest number
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Catenate

Back

Ability to form long chains

Card 3

Front

Molecular formula

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Structural formula

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Displayed formula

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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