Introduction to Germany - Weimar constitution

In what year did the unification of Germany occur?
1871
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What was Germany like before the unification?
It was made up of states which had many different forms of government.
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Which state emerged as the strongest?
Prussia and it took lead in unifying Germany because it was the largest state and was very militaristic.
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Who was the first kaiser of Germany?
Kaiser Wilhem I
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Who was the Chief Minister?
Otto Von Bismarck who was mostly in charge.
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When was the 2nd Reich declared?
1871 in Versailles
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When did the Franco-Prussian war end?
1871 where the Prussians were victorious and they gained Alsace-Lorraine.
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Why did the southern German states join German empire?
Due to nationalistic feeling and an awareness that only Prussia seemed to offer lasting security. They realised that they would be defeated in war against Prussia.
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How much power did Bismarck have under Wilhem I?
Under Kaiser Wilhem I, he had great power ('Chancellor Dictatorship')
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When did Kaiser Wilhem I die?
In 1888.
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When did Kaiser Friedrich I reign?
From 1888-1888 (90 days). Bismarck remained.
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What was Kaiser Wilhem II like as a monarch?
1888-1918. He wished to reassert monarchial power. He excluded Bismark, who resigned in 1890.
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What was life like under Kaiser Wilhem II?
There were social and economic developments. The industry grew (e.g. coal production doubled from 1870-1914), electricity and chemicals. There was also very strong German nationalism as well as strong regional identities.
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How was Germany governed under Wilhem II? What did State governments control?
There was a federal/imperial government and 25 state governments. The states had their own constitutions, parliaments and civil service. They also controlled areas such as education, health and the police.
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What did the Imperial government (in Berlin) control?
The military, foreign policy, banks and Imperial taxation.
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Who did the Kaiser appoint?
The Imperial Chanclloe (PM) and was head of the military.
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What did the Chancellor do? What else could they do if the Kaiser agreed?
The Chancellor prepared legislation for the Reichstag to pass. If the Kaiser agreed, the Chancellor could dissolve the Reichstag.
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How was Russia linked with the Imperial government?
It dominated the Imperial govermet ad whoevere the Kig of Prussia was, the Kaiser was also that person. Prussia hd a tradition of authoritarian government; so did Germany.
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What was the elite in Prussia like?
They were very traditional and they advised the Kaiser. They took many key jobs in the government and military. They were supporters of strong leadership. The Prussians were landowners.
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What was the army like at this time?
It was a key element of German life and this was very militaristic society. The troops swore loyalty to the Kaiser not 'Germany'
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What was politics like there?
There was technically democracy as there was a Reichstag which was elected every 5 years. By 1912, the SPD were the largest party in the Reichstag. By 1914, there was an authoritarian monarchy but had a Reichstag.
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Card 2

Front

What was Germany like before the unification?

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It was made up of states which had many different forms of government.

Card 3

Front

Which state emerged as the strongest?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was the first kaiser of Germany?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was the Chief Minister?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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