Intro to Memory

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3 stages
Encoding, Storage, Retrieval
1 of 29
Way more than this eg
Prospective memory
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Sensory stores
Iconic, echoic, haptic
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Sperling
12 letters, 5ms, 4-5, tone, 3/4, 1 sec delay- 1
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Darwin et al
3 digits in 3 channels- immediate cue- 2 letters/ 4 sec-
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Baddley and Hitch
*
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Ericsson et al
Person SF 15 years- initial digit span of 15, one year later= 80! Race track times
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Peterson and Peterson
3 secs- 80%/ 18secs- 10%- info decays in 18 secs
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Waugh and Normam
16 digits and tone thing- interference instead of decay
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Shallice and Warrington
Patient KF- poor verbal STM/ normal visuo-spatial STM
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Derenzi and Nichelli
2 patients- poor visuo-spatial STM/ Normal verbal STM
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Baddeley and Hitch
Lack EV
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Salame and Baddeley
Phonological loop active while reading
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Background noise on learning
Vocal music most disruptive
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Glazner and Cunitz
Serial position effect- 20 words- fMRI primary= LTM and recency= STM
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Explicit LTM
Episodic/ Semantic
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Implicit
Procedural/ Perceptual- Representational Memory
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Craik and Lockhart
Levels of processing- Maintenance- subvocal articulation- could pass/ Elaborate- deeper- much more likely
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Craik and Tulving
60 words- answered questions which vary in depth- more elaborate= better memory
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Ebbinghaus
nonsense syllables measured over 31 days- info loss rapid then levelled off between 20-30%
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Metter et al
Questions about news events- delay between 1 day and 2 years- same forgetting curve as Ebbinghaus
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Conway et al
Students- same curve
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Bahrick
Spanish lasted up to 50 years
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Retroactive interference
New info interferes with old
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Proactive interference
old info interferes with new
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Bartlett
Native American story- change detail to be consistent with own culture
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Bower et al
Restaurant meal
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Loftus and Palmer
How fast were they going/ broken glass 32%
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Wade et al
50% hot air balloon ride
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Card 2

Front

Way more than this eg

Back

Prospective memory

Card 3

Front

Sensory stores

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Sperling

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Darwin et al

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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